Cable: 06BEIRUT2407_a - WikiLeaks

2.5Mb of Wikileaks Cables Embedded in the Bitcoin Blockchain

2.5Mb of Wikileaks Cables Embedded in the Bitcoin Blockchain submitted by GoWestBTC to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Maybe he was a bit overwhelmed by the price on that day but usually a man of less words more action. #freedom #bitcoin

Maybe he was a bit overwhelmed by the price on that day but usually a man of less words more action. #freedom #bitcoin submitted by CryptoRoot to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

A reminder of some of Jeff Garzik's greatest insights. We love you Jeff. Please come back. We will welcome you with open arms.

51% hashing power, or even 90%, means nothing if clients collectively refuse to accept and relay your blocks.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=93366.msg1031394#msg1031394
It is simple, provable engineering fact that storing data in transaction outputs makes block validation, double-spend checks and other critical consensus operations more expensive. More RAM is used on average. In general, it burdens the entire network. UTXO is our most critical resource currently.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=265488.msg3204526#msg3204526
Bitcoin is only zero trust, if you can verify the entire transaction history.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=145386.msg3992876#msg3992876
Do not premine, or other scamcoin traits.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=333487.msg3579674#msg3579674
"They are attempting to ride the coattails of the Bitcoin brand"
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=263272.msg2832560#msg2832560
Further, you cannot handwave away the problem that, if transactions is infinitesimally cheap, people will abuse the system by sending non-currency data messages. Lots of them. Gigabytes worth, as other alt-chain field experience has proven. To the point that bitcoin-the-currency transactions are impacted. "I want a system that can process infinite amounts of traffic" is in the land of unicorns. The accusation of dev laziness is particularly rich, given that SatoshiDICE abused the blockchain in this way, by sending informational messages (IM "You lost a bet") via the blockchain. If you want an infinite amount of transactions per 10 minutes, you have just reinvented the Internet... over the blockchain. Poorly.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=196138.msg2568306#msg2568306
one cannot ignore a key attribute conferring by a limit like the 1MB limit: it encourages engineering efficiencies to be sought. Programmers have an incentive to actively seek ways to reduce the number of transactions, or reduce transaction size, when faced with a limited resource. Some business models simply don't care about that part of the equation. It's not a conspiracy by Gavin and the Bitcoin Foundation funders, it is simply one facet of some bitcoin businesses. They make money with increased transaction volume. That's fine, but a key economic counter-point is that these businesses are not bearing the costs of the mining/blockchain impact of a million-TX-per-day policy.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=199947.msg2126381#msg2126381
It's open source. Fork away. Though the consequence is that you remain at a higher, hardcoded fee level, and people will still dump megabytes worth of non-currency data into the blockchain (wikileaks cables etc.).
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=196259.msg2043056#msg2043056
More to the point, zero-conf transactions have been double-spent already. It is proven they are not safe today, ignoring any proposed changes.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=179612.msg1885782#msg1885782
There have been chains of hashes and chains of digital signatures before. What makes bitcoin different is that it is timestamping these digital messages, and protecting those timestamps against being reversed. The currency aspect of bitcoin is simply a layer on top of the distributed timestamping service
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=158756.msg1784729#msg1784729
Satoshi also intended the subsidy-free, fee-only future to support bitcoin. He did not describe fancy assurance contracts and infinite block sizes; he cleared indicated that fees would be driven in part by competition for space in the next block.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=157141.msg1753923#msg1753923
Any miner that increases MAX_BLOCK_SIZE beyond 1MB will self-select themselves away from the network, because all other validating nodes would ignore that change. Just like if a miner decides to issue themselves 100 BTC per block. All other validating nodes consider that invalid data, and do not relay or process it further.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=140233.msg1633102#msg1633102
If the users are not voting (validating), then it is trivial for miners to rewrite the rules. If the users are fully validating, then a miner decision to have each block produce 50 BTC again would be instantly rejected.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=153573.msg1630008#msg1630008
In an unfunded open source project, arguing all day about the lack of full-engineering-team rigor is entirely wasted energy. Blame the dev team if that is your favorite target, that will not magically create extra time in the day or extra manpower to accomplish these extra tasks being demanded by non-contributors. The time spent whining about what an unfunded effort fails to do could be better spent, say, creating a test network of full nodes running all known bitcoind versions, 0.3 through present. And test, test, test changes through that.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=134318.msg1621672#msg1621672
It is always entertaining to watch non-contributors opine about completely obvious solutions that the devs are silly to have overlooked.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=152027.msg1614822#msg1614822
A hard fork is a significant event that knocks legitimate users off the network, makes coins unspendable, or potentially makes the same coins spendable in two different locations, depending on whether or not you're talking to an updated node. It is, to pick a dramatic term, an Extinction Level Event. If done poorly, a hard fork could make it impossible for reasonable merchants to trust the bitcoins they receive, the very foundation of their economic value. Furthermore, a hard fork is akin to a Constitutional Convention: a hard fork implies the ability to rewrite the ground rules of bitcoin, be it block size, 21M limit, SHA256 hash, or other hard-baked behavior. Thus, there is always the risk of unpredictable miners, users and devs changing more than just the block size precisely because it makes the most engineering sense to change other hard-to-change features at the time of hard-fork. It is a nuclear option with widespread economic consequences for all bitcoin users.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=145809.msg1549003#msg1549003
Being the person who actually posted a faux-patch increasing the block size limit, it is important to understand why I disagree with that now... it was erroneously assuming that the block size was the whole-picture, and not a simple, lower layer solution in a bigger picture. The block size is an intentionally limited economic resource, just like the 21,000,000-bitcoin limit.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=144895.msg1547919#msg1547919
Boy that's a shortsighted analysis. Bitcoin will grow layers above the base layer -- the blockchain -- that will enable instant transactions, microtransactions, and other scalable issues. Do not think that the blockchain is the only way to transfer bitcoins. Larger aggregators will easily compensate for current maximum block size in a scalable manner. All nation-state/fiat currencies are multi-layer. Too many people look at what bitcoin does now, and assume that those are the only currency services that will ever exist.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=140233.msg1496142#msg1496142
Transactions will not always be free. Any time there are a lot of transactions being sent, free transactions get the lowest priority and might have to wait to make it into a block. If blocks are often full, you will need to pay a transaction fee to get priority.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=128171.msg1370918#msg1370918
It is not as good when obviously-still-learning people are billing their project as the "future of bitcoin" and misleading people into thinking they are a bitcoin expert, and are misleading people into thinking they are producing high quality, proven code (and potentially taking thousands of dollars for it). Those who are not coders lack the skills to judge this sort of thing, and only have hype from this thread to go on.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=123488.msg1337894#msg1337894
Miners only select (or ignore) transactions provided to them. The bitcoin client you run chooses what transactions and blocks to validate and relay. Miners cannot change the rules without bitcoin user agreement.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=115554.msg1251016#msg1251016
I think users with older clients, holders of older bitcoins quite appreciate the struggle to maintain backwards compat. Nobody wants to wake up in the morning, to discover that their money is unspendable outside of a required upgrade.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=114064.msg1231866#msg1231866
EDIT: In this post I am trying to be positive, its a genuine look back at great comments that taught me a lot. I am not trying to do character assassination.
submitted by jonny1000 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Collection of Instructions on How to find the Wikileaks Insurance Keys in the Blockchain

I will try to provide a comprehensive and reasonable set of instructions on how to extract the Wikileaks insurance keys from the blockchain. I have not done this myself because I have a slow shared internet connection and an old macbook, but I think there are a lof of uncentralized steps that could be brought together and make more sense for anyone here that wants to give it a shot. If you don't have Tor, and you want to get all of the information, please install Tor so you can access the .onion links. Keep in mind this effort is ongoing, so some things on threads may be outdated/compromised, and I am writing this as some of the information is coming in the threads. If you download Docs.png, put it on your desktop, open command prompt, "cd desktop", "unzip docs.png", you will have all of the threads related to this subject from the last three months. If you want a complete understanding of the subject, that gives you nearly all of the information to look for answers and guides. Some are useful, some are not as useful.
https://np.reddit.com/WhereIsAssange/comments/5e4o70/tutorial_how_to_decode_btc_blockchain_hidden/
Torrents for Oct 9 blockchain and ALL WIKILEAKS INSURANCE FILES (onion)
Checksum hashes for all files in file.wikileaks.org/file: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0663280c2bcd12ce#1fIcSERfAIqbq4/sM3D6GuguSbQ1HdYy3q0x9oFmT+k= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?56b4c8c49c62c7b5#VEFaK7MBuyDAyJmg/GDgoIEV2PZ1ZXxfMJYtexFA+Zw= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?5677061058c45134#KAQgvYoulFti4AHXQJXdQPmnlb4+tE9bTRQxi7r2NxY=
Checksum hashes for all torrents in file.wikileaks.org/torrent: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?47efdb06b80fccfa#oI74/sbXomHCVsZ+Ux0T4iZi0LYOtjyPzndqAOgkLb4= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?7e446df674013eba#nvIXrvcdLi7iKsM16mX/4OJDgaeS9kZU9l+85qpf5yY= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0d05f8455e9b8d88#fSjEocuR+D1YSB2dDcVeqYda7Bz/LbpYzIx9oEuMZD4=
Just run aeskeyfind on the decoded block, then search for any of the checksums on wikileaks.org, then follow wallets that spend after cablegate. it's simple. this is posted all over the threads.
there are even list of file headers on the blockchain posted on the old thread and instructions to unlock the unredacted cables.
You can use code here https://pad.riseup.net/p/WEAREPHASE3 https://github.com/WikiLeaksFreedomForce
How to get original cablegate hidden message
Instructions on how to test possible keys on insurance files
Now, obviously there is a lot of information here. I have a really hard time believing this is a LARP. Honestly, I've only scratched the surface on this and it took me just a couple hours. In order to truly understand this, you must put some time into it. Carefully read the important posts in the threads. Ctrl-F keywords to search for information in the threads. Unfortunately, I have to do some work now, so I won't be very active for a few hours and that's why I haven't compiled a more organized set of instructions yet. But, like I said, this is an ongoing process and it's up to everyone to contribute. I'll do my best to answer questions, but I will be more available later tonight.
submitted by snowmandan to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Can we talk about sharding and decentralized scaling for Raiblocks?

Introduction
This essay contains a healthy dose of math sprinkled with opinion, and I would be the first to admit that my math and personal opinions are sometimes wrong. The beauty of these forums is that it allows us to discuss topics in depth, and with enough group scrutiny we should arrive at the truth. I'm actually a cryptocurrency noob; I've only been looking at it in earnest for a few months, but I've seen enough to conclude that we are in the middle of a revolution, and if I don't intellectually participate somehow, I think I'll regret it for the rest of my life.
Here I analyze sharding in a PoS (proof-of-stake) system, and I will show that not only is sharding good, but I will quantify just how beneficial it is to Tps (transactions per second of the whole network) and mps (messages per second processed by each individual node). I use Raiblocks as my point of departure, regarding it as both my inspiration and my object of critique. But much of the discussion should be relevant to any PoS sharded system.
As you may know, Raiblocks does not employ ledger sharding, but seeing as every wallet is already in its own separate blockchain, it's basically already half-way there! From an engineering perspective, sharding is low-hanging fruit for a block-lattice structure like Raiblock's, especially when you compare it to how complicated it is for single-blockchain currencies.
For the record, I think that Raiblocks will scale just fine according to the current strategy laid out by Colin LeMahieu (u/meor) . By using only full nodes and hosting them in enterprise grade servers (basically datacenters), chances are good that the network will be able to keep up with future Tps (transaction per second) growth. Skeptics have been questioning if people are going to be willing to run nodes pro bono, just to support the network. But I don't doubt that many vendors will jump at the chance. If I'm Amazon, and I've been paying 3% of everything to Visa all these years, when there's an option to basically run my own Visa, I take it.
Payment networks like Paypal have been offering free person-to-person payments for years, eating the costs of processing those transactions in exchange for the opportunity to take their cut when those same people pay online vendors like Amazon. This makes business sense because only a minority of transactions are person-to-person anyway. Most payments result from people buying stuff. So, in a sense, vendors like Amazon have already been subsidizing our free transactions for years. By running Raiblocks nodes, they would still be subsidizing our transactions, but it would be a better deal than what they were getting before.
But have we forgotten something here? Is this really the dream of the instant, universal, decentralized, uncensorable payment network that was promised and only kinda delivered by Bitcoin? Decentralization comes in a spectrum, and while this is certainly better than a private blockchain like Ripple, the future of Raiblocks that we're looking at is a smallish number of supernodes run by a consortium of corporations, governments, and maybe a sprinkling of die-hard fans.
You may ask, but what about the nodes run by you and me on our dinky home computers and cable modem connections? Well, people need to remember that Raiblocks nodes need to talk to each other every time there's a transaction, in order to exchange their votes. The more nodes there are, the more messages have to be received and sent per node per transaction. Having more nodes may improve the decentralization, redudancy, and robustness of the network, but speed it definitely does not. Sure, the SSD of a computer running a mock node will handle 7000 tps, but the real bottleneck is network IO, not disk IO, and how many Comcast internet plans are going to keep up with 7000 x N messages per second, where N is the total number of nodes? If you take the message size to be 260 bytes (credit to u/juanjux's packet-sniffing skills), and the number of nodes to be 1000, that's 1.8 GB/s. Also, if you consider that at least two messages will need to be exchanged with every node (one for the sending wallet, one for the receiving), the network requirements per node becomes 3.6 GB/s. This requirement applies to both the download and upload bandwidth, since in addition to receiving votes from other nodes, you have to announce your own vote to all of them as well. Maybe with multicasting upload requirements can be relaxed, but the overall story is the same: you almost want to convince small players not to run their own nodes, so N doesn't grow too large. Hence, the lack of dividends.
So, if we're resigned to running Raiblocks from corporate supernodes in the future, we might want to ask ourselves, why is decentralization so important anyway? For 99.9% of the cases, I actually think it won't matter. People just want their transactions to complete in a low-cost and timely fashion. And that's why I think Ripple and Raiblocks on their current trajectories have bright futures. They are the petty cash of the future. But for bulk wealth storage, you want decentralization because it makes it hard for any one entity to gain control over your money. No government will be able to step in and freeze your funds if you're Wikileaks or a political dissident when your cryptocurrency network is hosted on millions of computers scattered across the internet. I know the millions number sounds outlandish given that Bitcoin itself has fewer than 12k nodes at present, but that's my vision for the future. And I hope that by the end of this essay, you'll agree it's plausible.
The main benefit of sharding is that it allows nodes to divide the task of hosting the ledger into smaller chunks, reducing the per-node bandwidth requirements to achieve a certain Tps. I'll show that this benefit comes without having to sacrifice ledger redundancy, so long as sufficient nodes can be recruited. One disadvantage that must be noted is the increased overhead of coordinating a large number of nodes subscribed to partial ledgers. At the very least, nodes will need to know how wealthy other nodes are for voting purposes. However, I don't see how an up-to-the-second update of nodal wealth is necessary, since wealth changes on the timescale of months, if not years. It should be sufficient to conduct a role call once every few weeks to update nodes on who the other nodes are and to impart information about wealth and ledger subscriptions. Nonetheless, in principle this overhead means it is still possible to have too many nodes even with sharding.
Raiblocks has a unique advantage over single-chain cryptocoins in that each wallet address is already its own blockchain. This makes it especially amenable to sharding, since each wallet can already be thought of as its own shard! You just need a clever algorithm to decide which nodes subscribe to which wallets. For the purposes of this analysis, I assume a random subscription, so that for example if both you and I subscribe to 10% of the ledger, our subscriptions are probabilistically independent, and we intersect on roughly one percent of the total wallet space. I will also assume that all nodes are identical to each other in bandwidth, though in practice I think each node's owner should decide how much bandwidth he is willing to commit, letting the node's software dynamically adjust its P to maintain the desired bandwidth, where P, or the participation level, is the fraction of the ledger that the node is subscribed to. That way, when the Tps of the network increases over time, each node will use the increasing bandwidth demand as a feedback signal to automatically lower its ledger subscription percentage. Then, all that would be missing for smooth and seamless network growth is a mechanism for ensuring node count growth.
 
Some math
Symbol Definition
mps messages per second received/sent per individual node
N total number of nodes
Tps transactions per second processed by the whole network
R ledger redundancy
P fractional participation level of an individual node
k role call frequency
From the definitions, it should be apparent that
(1) R = NP
There are two types of messages that nodes have to deal with, transaction messages and role-call messages. Transaction messages are those related to updating the ledger when money is sent from one wallet to another. For each transaction, each node presiding over the sending wallet/shard will need to
  1. Broadcast its vote to the other R members of the shard. In the normal case this is a thumbs up signal and no conflict resolution is required.
  2. Receive votes from the other R members of the shard
  3. Broadcast its thumbs up to the R members of the receiving wallet/shard
Each node presiding over the receiving wallet/shard will need to
  1. receive thumbs up signals from the R members of the sending wallet/shard
Therefore, on a macro level upload and download requirements are the same. (Two messages sent, two messages received.)
Role-call messages are those related to disseminating an active directory of which nodes are participating in which wallets and information about nodal wealth. Knowledge about each individual node is broadcasted to the network at a rate of k. I think 10-6 Hz is reasonable, for an update interval of 12 days. For each update, all R nodes presiding over the wallet of the node whose information is being shared will broadcast their view of the node's wealth to all N nodes. Therefore, from the perspective on an individual node:
  1. The rate that role-call messages are received is kRN.
  2. The rate that role-call messages are sent is k(# node wallets presided over)N = k(NP)N = kRN.
Again, upload and download rates are the same. Since upload and download rates are symmetric (which intuitively should be true since every message that is sent needs to be received), the parameter mps can be used equally to describe upload and download bandwidth.
(2) mps = 2R(PTps) + kRN,
where the two terms correspond to the transaction and role-call messages, respectively. Using (1), (2) can be rewritten as
(3) mps = 2R2Tps/N + kRN
Here, we see an interesting relationship between the different message categories and the node count. For a fixed ledger redundancy R and Tps, the number of transaction messages is inversely proportional to the number of nodes. This is intuitive. If all of a sudden there are twice as many nodes and ledger redundancy remains the same, then each node has halved its ledger subscription and only has to deal with half as many transactions. This is the "many hands make light work" phenomenon in action. On the other hand, the number of role-call messages increases in proportion to the number of nodes. The interplay between these two factors determines the sweet spot where mps is at a local minimum. Since the calculus is straightforward, I'll leave it as an exercise to the reader to show that
(4) N_sweetspot = (2RTps/k)1/2
Alternatively, another way of looking things is to consider mps to be fixed. This may be more appropriate if each node is pegged at its committed bandwidth. Then (3) describes the relationship between the ledger redundancy and N. You may ask how this can be reconciled with (1), which seems to imply that N and R are directly proportional, but in this scenario each node is dynamically adjusting its ledger subscription P in response to a changing N to maintain a constant bandwidth mps. In this view, the sweet spot for N is where R is maximized. Interestingly, regardless of which view you take, you arrive at the same expression for the sweet spot (4).
If N < N_sweetspot, then transaction messages dominate the total message count. The system is in the transaction-heavy regime and needs more nodes to help carry the transaction load. If N > N_sweetspot (the node-heavy regime), transaction messages are low, but the number of role-call messages is large and it becomes expensive to keep the whole network in sync. When N = N_sweetspot, the two message categories occur at the same rate, which is easily verified by plugging (4) back into (3). This is when the network is at its most decentralized: message count per node is low while redundancy is high.
Note that N_sweetspot increases as Tps1/2. This implies that, as transaction rate increases, the network will not optimally scale without somehow attracting new people to run nodes. But the incentives can't be too good either, or N may increase beyond N_sweetspot. Ideally, a feedback mechanism using market forces will encourage the network to gravitate towards the sweet spot (more on this later).
One special case is where P=1 and N=R. This is when the network is at its most centralized operating point, with every single node acting as a full node. This minimizes node count for a given redundancy level R and is how Raiblocks is currently designed. I will show that for most real-world numbers, the role-call term is so small as to be negligible, but the mps is many orders of magnitude higher than in the decentralized case because of the large transaction term.
Assuming that we are able to keep the network operating at its sweet spot, by plugging (4) into (3), we arrive at
(5) mps_sweetspot = R3/2(8kTps)1/2
If instead we plug N=R into (3), we arrive at
(6) mps_centralized = 2RTps + kR2
So, we see that in the decentralized case the mps of individual nodes increases as the square root of Tps, a much more sustainable form of scaling than the linear relationship in the centralized case.
And now, the moment we've all been waiting for: plugging various network load scenarios into these formulas and comparing the most decentralized case to the most centralized. Real world operation will be somewhere in between these two extremes.
Fixed parameters
packet size (bytes) 260
k (Hz) 1.00E-06
R 1000
transaction fee ($) $0.01
Tps
0.1 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000
Total monthly dividends $2,592 $25,920 $259,200 $2,592,000 $25,920,000 $259,200,000 $2,592,000,000
Decentralized node requirements
mps (Hz) 28 89 283 894 2,828 8,944 28,284
node traffic (bytes/s) 7.35E+03 2.33E+04 7.35E+04 2.33E+05 7.35E+05 2.33E+06 7.35E+06
N 1.41E+04 4.47E+04 1.41E+05 4.47E+05 1.41E+06 4.47E+06 1.41E+07
P 7.07E-02 2.24E-02 7.07E-03 2.24E-03 7.07E-04 2.24E-04 7.07E-05
Total Network Traffic (bytes/s) 1.04E+08 1.04E+09 1.04E+10 1.04E+11 1.04E+12 1.04E+13 1.04E+14
Yearly Network Traffic (bytes) 3.28E+15 3.28E+16 3.28E+17 3.28E+18 3.28E+19 3.28E+20 3.28E+21
Decentralized node income
monthly per node ($) $0.18 $0.58 $1.83 $5.80 $18.33 $57.96 $183.28
income/GB ($/GB) $0.0096 $0.0096 $0.0096 $0.0096 $0.0096 $0.0096 $0.0096
Centralized node requirements
mps (Hz) 2.01E+02 2.00E+03 2.00E+04 2.00E+05 2.00E+06 2.00E+07 2.00E+08
node traffic (bytes/s) 5.23E+04 5.20E+05 5.20E+06 5.20E+07 5.20E+08 5.20E+09 5.20E+10
N 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
P 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Total Network Traffic (bytes/s) 5.23E+07 5.20E+08 5.20E+09 5.20E+10 5.20E+11 5.20E+12 5.20E+13
Yearly Network Traffic (bytes) 1.65E+15 1.64E+16 1.64E+17 1.64E+18 1.64E+19 1.64E+20 1.64E+21
Centralized node income
monthly per node ($) $2.59 $25.92 $259.20 $2,592 $25,920 $259,200 $2,592,000
income/GB ($/GB) 0.0191 0.0192 0.0192 0.0192 0.0192 0.0192 0.0192
Yes, I did sneak a transaction fee in there, which is anathema to the Raiblocks way. But I wanted to incentivize people to run nodes. Observe that income per gigabyte remains the same, independent of network Tps, because both total income and total bandwidth scale proportionally to Tps. The decentralized case has half the income/GB because the role-call overhead doubles network activity. In either case, the income per GB depends on transaction fee and is independent of network load.
An interesting number to check online is the price/GB that various ISP's charge. With Google Fiber, it is possible to purchase bandwidth as low as $0.00076 per GB, meaning that it may be possible for nodes to be profitable even if fees were lowered by another order of magnitude. As time progresses, bandwidth costs will only go down, so fees may be able to be lowered even further past that. But because of electricity and other miscellaneous costs, I think a one cent transaction fee is probably pretty close to what people need to incentivize them to run nodes.
With sharding, even many home broadband connections today can feasibly support 100,000 transactions per second, with each node subscribed to about one ten thousandth of the total ledger and handling about 7 MB/s. Getting 14 million people to run nodes may seem like a tall order, but the financial incentives are there. Just look at all the people who have rushed to do GPU mining. Here, bandwidth replaces hashing power as the tool used for mining.
According to a study done by Cisco, yearly internet traffic is projected to reach 3.3 ZB by 2021. Looking at the table, that means if we ever reach 100,000 Tps, Sharded Raiblocks traffic would be equal to the rest of the world combined. Yikes! But if you think about it, nobody along the way is taking on an unbearable load. Users pay low fees for transactions. Nodes get dividends. ISPs get additional customers. The only ones who lose out are Visa, Paypal, and banks.
With such a large network presence, the cultural impact of this coin would be huge. That, in addition to the sheer number of participants running nodes as side businesses would cement this as the coin of the people.
From a macro level, I see no red flags that would indicate this is economically or technically infeasible. Of course, the devil's in the details so I'm posting this to see if people think I'm on the right track. To me, it seems that the possibilities are tantalizing and someone needs to build a test net to see if this idea flies (u/meor, if any of this sounds appealing, are you guys hiring? ;) ).
Musings
I've only scratched the surface and there are many other topics that are worthy of deeper discussion:
submitted by Cookiemole to RaiBlocks [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Depressive Disorder

I first heard about Bitcoin in 2010. I ran in cypherpunk circles and at the time people were using it to avoid the MasterCard ban of Julian Assange. They sent Wikileaks cyber ducats through the Metaverse using fiber optic cable.
I wasn't ignorant- I studied and understood every component of the nascent protocol. However, I chose to go the other way: I ridiculed the Bitcoiners for investing in such an obvious ponzi scheme. It turns out that I am the one who should be ridiculed, because Bitcoin went to the moon and literally never came back.
I missed out of the investment of a lifetime because of pride, and nothing else. I gave up my seat at the table. My chance to become part of the generational change in the wealthy elite has been ruined. What am I going to tell my son when I can't send him to college because the only thing that can keep pace with the rate of inflation in college tuition is Bitcoin?
Anyways, missing out on all those gains has me feeling very depressed. I could have been set for life, but instead I settled for putting my money in a boring 401K and Treasury Bonds.
Please don't come in here and tell me it's not too late because Bitcoin is going to $1,000,000. I fear my heart may explode if I think any more about my lost opportunity.
submitted by gogloxin to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

Collection of Instructions on How to Retrieve Insurance Keys from the Blockchain

I will try to provide a comprehensive and reasonable set of instructions on how to extract the Wikileaks insurance keys from the blockchain. I have not done this myself because I have a slow shared internet connection and an old macbook, but I think there are a lof of uncentralized steps that could be brought together and make more sense for anyone here that wants to give it a shot. If you don't have Tor, and you want to get all of the information, please install Tor so you can access the .onion links. Keep in mind this effort is ongoing, so some things on threads may be outdated/compromised, and I am writing this as some of the information is coming in the threads. If you download Docs.png, put it on your desktop, open command prompt, "cd desktop", "unzip docs.png", you will have all of the threads related to this subject from the last three months. If you want a complete understanding of the subject, that gives you nearly all of the information to look for answers and guides. Some are useful, some are not as useful.
https://np.reddit.com/WhereIsAssange/comments/5e4o70/tutorial_how_to_decode_btc_blockchain_hidden/
Torrents for Oct 9 blockchain and ALL WIKILEAKS INSURANCE FILES (onion)
Checksum hashes for all files in file.wikileaks.org/file: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0663280c2bcd12ce#1fIcSERfAIqbq4/sM3D6GuguSbQ1HdYy3q0x9oFmT+k= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?56b4c8c49c62c7b5#VEFaK7MBuyDAyJmg/GDgoIEV2PZ1ZXxfMJYtexFA+Zw= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?5677061058c45134#KAQgvYoulFti4AHXQJXdQPmnlb4+tE9bTRQxi7r2NxY=
Checksum hashes for all torrents in file.wikileaks.org/torrent: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?47efdb06b80fccfa#oI74/sbXomHCVsZ+Ux0T4iZi0LYOtjyPzndqAOgkLb4= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?7e446df674013eba#nvIXrvcdLi7iKsM16mX/4OJDgaeS9kZU9l+85qpf5yY= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0d05f8455e9b8d88#fSjEocuR+D1YSB2dDcVeqYda7Bz/LbpYzIx9oEuMZD4=
Just run aeskeyfind on the decoded block, then search for any of the checksums on wikileaks.org, then follow wallets that spend after cablegate. it's simple. this is posted all over the threads.
there are even list of file headers on the blockchain posted on the old thread and instructions to unlock the unredacted cables.
You can use code here https://pad.riseup.net/p/WEAREPHASE3 https://github.com/WikiLeaksFreedomForce
How to get original cablegate hidden message
Instructions on how to test possible keys on insurance files
Now, obviously there is a lot of information here. I have a really hard time believing this is a LARP. Honestly, I've only scratched the surface on this and it took me just a couple hours. In order to truly understand this, you must put some time into it. Carefully read the important posts in the threads. Ctrl-F keywords to search for information in the threads. Unfortunately, I have to do some work now, so I won't be very active for a few hours and that's why I haven't compiled a more organized set of instructions yet. But, like I said, this is an ongoing process and it's up to everyone to contribute. I'll do my best to answer questions, but I will be more available later tonight.
submitted by snowmandan to WhereIsAssange [link] [comments]

A simple blockchain decoding tutorial

Everyone can help find new messages. Please see below:
(Note that these scripts do not require a local copy of the blockchain or even a Bitcoin account)
1 Decoding one transaction:
Download http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmSU67Ei3TerNe32CcZTgd48jKqsVvBTgera1qBWFjKK9V/jean.py
(or http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmburFHeUtM3wdrEj3rmUuBkx6iDmYpreyGCvHijgJhZnh/jean_b.py)
Usage:
python jean.py transaction_number
Example:
python jean.py 691dd277dc0e90a462a3d652a1171686de49cf19067cd33c7df0392833fb986a
Returns:
"Wikileaks Cablegate Backup
cablegate-201012041811.7z
Download the following transactions with Satoshi Nakamoto's download tool which can be found in transaction 6c53cd987119ef797d5adccd76241247988a0a5ef783572a9972e7371c5fb0cc Free speech and free enterprise! Thank you Satoshi!"
2 Downloading a transaction that generates a file:
A nice example is the original Bitcoin paper. It can be found in transaction 54e48e5f5c656b26c3bca14a8c95aa583d07ebe84dde3b7dd4a78f4e4186e713.
python jean.py 54e48e5f5c656b26c3bca14a8c95aa583d07ebe84dde3b7dd4a78f4e4186e713 > paper.pdf
Once it is done you will be able to see a pdf was generated in that directory.
Note that the transaction that generates the Bitcoin paper is related to the transaction that describes the Wikileaks cable dump, the cable dump itself, and many other transactions that have other content. Some has yet to be completely decrypted. These transactions are all related because they have common addresses involved or the money resulting from the transaction was used.
For example, take a look at this transaction: https://blockchain.info/tx/08654f9dc9d673b3527b48ad06ab1b199ad47b61fd54033af30c2ee975c588bd
If you do
python jean.py 08654f9dc9d673b3527b48ad06ab1b199ad47b61fd54033af30c2ee975c588bd
You will get a key that was leaked.
Now, if you look at the addresses involved, you can see one at the bottom, below Wikileaks. It does not show 'Escrow'. Go to that address and see its transactions. You will then find another message. Keep doing this and you'll eventually find the cable dump again. This is the process of 'following the change'.
Using this method we've found several transactions that involve Wikileaks that we don't quite understand. One good strategy is to generate a file from a transaction and then look at its 'magic numbers' to figure out what it could be.
Some of them are:
7379ab5047b143c0b6cfe5d8d79ad240b4b4f8cced55aa26f86d1d3d370c0d4c
d3c1cb2cdbf07c25e3c5f513de5ee36081a7c590e621f1f1eab62e8d4b50b635
cce82f3bde0537f82a55f3b8458cb50d632977f85c81dad3e1983a3348638f5c
2a14783f74796ace53e0a6859a7012723d3d6cd9dacf72d4e90a3394484093df
657aecafe66d729d2e2f6f325fcc4acb8501d8f02512d1f5042a36dd1bbd21d1
05e6c80d9d6469e7d1328e89b9d971b19972594701586bbcbd70070f2be799db
623463a2a8a949e0590ffe6b2fd3e4e1028b2b99c747e82e899da4485eb0b6be
5143cf232576ae53e8991ca389334563f14ea7a7c507a3e081fbef2538c84f6e
Testing the file type again with the Bitcoin paper transaction.
If you do
python jean.py 54e48e5f5c656b26c3bca14a8c95aa583d07ebe84dde3b7dd4a78f4e4186e713 > output
and then do,
file -b output
You will get:
PDF document, version 1.4
For:
python script.py 7379ab5047b143c0b6cfe5d8d79ad240b4b4f8cced55aa26f86d1d3d370c0d4c > output
file -b output
you should get
GPG symmetrically encrypted data (CAST5 cipher)
3 Merging multiple transactions into one file:
Download http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmafUK8hYKztKD3hNNzF4EsW3N5nUcNvHZ4auEidjLkqJd/jean2.py
and http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmY7D4bgMtq3Ysuso94ATdJgLx5YEFSgT3NTJLCeknU4cf/tx_list.txt
If you 'follow the change' as we did above you will arrive at the 130 transactions (which are also printed out in the first message). Take all these transactions and save them into text file called tx_list.txt.
Then do,
python jean2.py tx_list.txt > cables.zip
you will get a zipfile with the cables.
Update:
4 Detecting file headers:
https://codepaste.net/qjafvb
http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/Qmf8gcVAv9VwX6i7xWnMg9kj9HWrnHMZVtLF8q3Z9AWto7/jean3.py
Setup:
Download TrID http://mark0.net/soft-trid-e.html
chmod +x trid
Download tridupdate.py http://mark0.net/download/tridupdate.zip
python tridupdate.py
TrID and get_files_in_wallet.py should be in the same directory.
Example:
python get_files_in_wallet.py 1C3WStWpfCmsoG5WmDeaYSwAeEY1ncWQoh
It should find a PDF. It will save all decoded data from transactions, a list of tx ids and a list of tx ids that include file headers.
python get_files_in_wallet.py 16jv3REqedeiTK8dzygyirNLWiP5gAc2KX
It should find two PGP files.
python jean3.py 1HB5XMLmzFVj8ALj6mfBsbifRoD4miY36v
Will print all file headers in Wikileaks' wallet.
Read more here: http://8ch.net/tech/res/679042.html
Python3 version: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5dqufl/blockchain_experts_the_world_needs_your_help_the/da7mf7b/
C versions: http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmRWjFfGzhtxMLdrHXeCAPFvqyrQPRebpEzpNANfhfTMxA/block-reader.c
http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmQK4ac7ks7aNaL4utNqafbJR1hXBGXoHQ3GPsA7kJdTBL/bcrdr.c
https://codepaste.net/gh3mui
https://codepaste.net/f1ca5s
https://codepaste.net/2kk75e
https://codepaste.net/4yn1vy
https://codepaste.net/dm1hyo
Block-finders (require RPC account):
http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/QmQ951RnjyKtYVoy3XjFqHRBkQABkh5oeq7VQWr7VC2Cn5/block-data-finder.py
http://gateway.glop.me/ipfs/Qmadgc4aKVPQfGhUT8bQ11PsvXArvmxR9pVdgznYZvT1CD/block-opreturn-finder.py
Usage:
Scrape OP_RETURN between 15/10/2016 00:00:01 through 24/10/2016 23:59:59
python block-opreturn-finder.py blocks 434304 435711
Scrape blocks for data in outputs between 15/10/2016 00:00:01 through 24/10/2016 23:59:59
python block-data-finder.py blocks 434304 435711
submitted by 438498967 to WhereIsAssange [link] [comments]

Treechain's illegal data problem

Last year some sicko uploaded some pretty nasty stuff to the Bitcoin blockchain. The Bitcoin developer community responded swiftly with short-term and long-term technical measures. Since then there's been a recognition that we need to keep the blockchain free of spam and other garbage.
Embedded consensus systems are fundamentally incompatible with those efforts. The model depends on the ability of multiple parties to easily put arbitrary data in the blockchain, data that could be absolutely any garbage. In the Bitcoin system this is barely tolerable as Bitcoin itself was designed by Satoshi to be able to prune all but the set of unspent transactions and Gregory Maxwell's P2SH2 technique solidly ensures that no illegal data can be stored in the UTXO set. Miners might briefly have to store it to verify the blockchain, but it can be deleted right after.
Treechains however is a step backwards. Rather than trying to fight spam, it embraces it. When you run a treechains node you're participating not in a financial network, but a filesharing network, and you could be sharing anything. Maybe it'll be transaction data? Maybe some wikileaks cables? Maybe something much worse? In this day and age of the MPAA and RIAA, whos going to want to do that?
But it gets worse! In treechains everyone is forced to pretty much be a full node, even if all you want to do is buy the occasional coffee with your Bitcoins, er, I mean Viacoins. When you give someone money you're forced to give them enormous tens, even hundreds, of megabyte proofs that the money is real. And what data might those those proofs contain? Just like Bitcoin transactions, anything at all.
tl;dr: You might be forced to distribute child pornorgraphy just to buy a coffee. Seriously, I wish this were hyperbole, but that's the real deal with treechains.
submitted by treeorsidechains to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Repost From January | More Information on the Blockchain Wikileaks Search

I will try to provide a comprehensive and reasonable set of instructions on how to extract the Wikileaks insurance keys from the blockchain. I have not done this myself because I have a slow shared internet connection and an old macbook, but I think there are a lof of uncentralized steps that could be brought together and make more sense for anyone here that wants to give it a shot. If you don't have Tor, and you want to get all of the information, please install Tor so you can access the .onion links. Keep in mind this effort is ongoing, so some things on threads may be outdated/compromised, and I am writing this as some of the information is coming in the threads. If you download Docs.png, put it on your desktop, open command prompt, "cd desktop", "unzip docs.png", you will have all of the threads related to this subject from the last three months. If you want a complete understanding of the subject, that gives you nearly all of the information to look for answers and guides. Some are useful, some are not as useful.
https://np.reddit.com/WhereIsAssange/comments/5e4o70/tutorial_how_to_decode_btc_blockchain_hidden/
Torrents for Oct 9 blockchain and ALL WIKILEAKS INSURANCE FILES (onion)
Checksum hashes for all files in file.wikileaks.org/file: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0663280c2bcd12ce#1fIcSERfAIqbq4/sM3D6GuguSbQ1HdYy3q0x9oFmT+k= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?56b4c8c49c62c7b5#VEFaK7MBuyDAyJmg/GDgoIEV2PZ1ZXxfMJYtexFA+Zw= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?5677061058c45134#KAQgvYoulFti4AHXQJXdQPmnlb4+tE9bTRQxi7r2NxY=
Checksum hashes for all torrents in file.wikileaks.org/torrent: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?47efdb06b80fccfa#oI74/sbXomHCVsZ+Ux0T4iZi0LYOtjyPzndqAOgkLb4= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?7e446df674013eba#nvIXrvcdLi7iKsM16mX/4OJDgaeS9kZU9l+85qpf5yY= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0d05f8455e9b8d88#fSjEocuR+D1YSB2dDcVeqYda7Bz/LbpYzIx9oEuMZD4=
Just run aeskeyfind on the decoded block, then search for any of the checksums on wikileaks.org, then follow wallets that spend after cablegate. it's simple. this is posted all over the threads.
there are even list of file headers on the blockchain posted on the old thread and instructions to unlock the unredacted cables.
You can use code here https://pad.riseup.net/p/WEAREPHASE3 https://github.com/WikiLeaksFreedomForce
How to get original cablegate hidden message
Instructions on how to test possible keys on insurance files
Now, obviously there is a lot of information here. I have a really hard time believing this is a LARP. Honestly, I've only scratched the surface on this and it took me just a couple hours. In order to truly understand this, you must put some time into it. Carefully read the important posts in the threads. Ctrl-F keywords to search for information in the threads. Unfortunately, I have to do some work now, so I won't be very active for a few hours and that's why I haven't compiled a more organized set of instructions yet. But, like I said, this is an ongoing process and it's up to everyone to contribute. I'll do my best to answer questions, but I will be more available later tonight.
submitted by snowmandan to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Repost From January | More Information on the Blockchain Wikileaks Search

I will try to provide a comprehensive and reasonable set of instructions on how to extract the Wikileaks insurance keys from the blockchain. I have not done this myself because I have a slow shared internet connection and an old macbook, but I think there are a lof of uncentralized steps that could be brought together and make more sense for anyone here that wants to give it a shot. If you don't have Tor, and you want to get all of the information, please install Tor so you can access the .onion links. Keep in mind this effort is ongoing, so some things on threads may be outdated/compromised, and I am writing this as some of the information is coming in the threads. If you download Docs.png, put it on your desktop, open command prompt, "cd desktop", "unzip docs.png", you will have all of the threads related to this subject from the last three months. If you want a complete understanding of the subject, that gives you nearly all of the information to look for answers and guides. Some are useful, some are not as useful.
https://np.reddit.com/WhereIsAssange/comments/5e4o70/tutorial_how_to_decode_btc_blockchain_hidden/
Torrents for Oct 9 blockchain and ALL WIKILEAKS INSURANCE FILES (onion)
Checksum hashes for all files in file.wikileaks.org/file: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0663280c2bcd12ce#1fIcSERfAIqbq4/sM3D6GuguSbQ1HdYy3q0x9oFmT+k= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?56b4c8c49c62c7b5#VEFaK7MBuyDAyJmg/GDgoIEV2PZ1ZXxfMJYtexFA+Zw= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?5677061058c45134#KAQgvYoulFti4AHXQJXdQPmnlb4+tE9bTRQxi7r2NxY=
Checksum hashes for all torrents in file.wikileaks.org/torrent: sha256 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?47efdb06b80fccfa#oI74/sbXomHCVsZ+Ux0T4iZi0LYOtjyPzndqAOgkLb4= sha1 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?7e446df674013eba#nvIXrvcdLi7iKsM16mX/4OJDgaeS9kZU9l+85qpf5yY= md5 http://zerobinqmdqd236y.onion/?0d05f8455e9b8d88#fSjEocuR+D1YSB2dDcVeqYda7Bz/LbpYzIx9oEuMZD4=
Just run aeskeyfind on the decoded block, then search for any of the checksums on wikileaks.org, then follow wallets that spend after cablegate. it's simple. this is posted all over the threads.
there are even list of file headers on the blockchain posted on the old thread and instructions to unlock the unredacted cables.
You can use code here https://pad.riseup.net/p/WEAREPHASE3 https://github.com/WikiLeaksFreedomForce
How to get original cablegate hidden message
Instructions on how to test possible keys on insurance files
Now, obviously there is a lot of information here. I have a really hard time believing this is a LARP. Honestly, I've only scratched the surface on this and it took me just a couple hours. In order to truly understand this, you must put some time into it. Carefully read the important posts in the threads. Ctrl-F keywords to search for information in the threads. Unfortunately, I have to do some work now, so I won't be very active for a few hours and that's why I haven't compiled a more organized set of instructions yet. But, like I said, this is an ongoing process and it's up to everyone to contribute. I'll do my best to answer questions, but I will be more available later tonight.
submitted by snowmandan to FindTheKeys [link] [comments]

My thoughts on Bitcoin's shortcomings and how to overcome them.

Please don't downvote because I said bitcoin has shortcomings, hear me out first.
First and foremost, bitcoin is an awesome idea and so far, implemented quite well. However, I'd like to discuss some of the shortcomings the technology has and ways we can help bitcoin to alleviate these.
First, bitcoin has to be attractive to the general public. Too many times when discussing bitcoin to people, they already know about the miners and see them as people printing their own money with no restraint and they want in. Then, when they learn that they aren't going to be able to print their own money, they want nothing to do with the currency as a whole. How do we solve this? Make sure to make a distinction between mining and using the currency at all. Explain it like the mint and VISA combined; they release currency into the market and process transactions. Eventually, all bitcoins will have been "found" and they will just be VISA, processing transactions and pocketing the tx fees, which will be much easier to explain. Bitcoin needs to be lauded as a currency, not a "get rich quick" scheme. Talk about how bitcoin can replace paypal, western union, etc and talk about how it can virtually eliminate fraud online and offline. Make it attractive to the end users, including merchants. They will ultimately decide bitcoin's fate. Additionally, one underrepresented topic is the fact that "tainted" bitcoins are traceable until the end of time. Say someone goes out and pays a hitman in bitcoin. No matter what the hitman does, he cannot spend that bitcoin with a buyer who will cooperate with the authorities, because they will be able to identify him. Additionally, once one buyer cooperates with authorities regarding "tainted" BTC, the chain can be worked backwards to determine the origin of the BTC and ultimately, the person who broke the law in the first place. I'd imagine governments could be sold on this idea alone, as it could remove the financial incentive for many crimes. What are some other talking points for bitcoin that can make it more attractive to end-users?
Second, the blockchain is a huge problem. The idea behind it is fantastic, and it should never go away. But it's a "low-hanging fruit" for entities who do not think bitcoin should be adopted, because what happens if a copyrighted piece of data makes itnow that illegal, unnecessary data has made it onto the blockchain? This has already happened with some megabytes of wikileak cables. Having copyrighted data in the blockchain would mean the entire blockchain could be subject to DMCA takedown requests and every miner and user of bitcoin with the full blockchain stored (which is a majority of them) could be infringing copyright. I welcome suggestions for combatting this problem specifically because I think it's one of our most urgent issues.
Third, MtGox. Bitcoin is a decentralized, p2p currency with what amounts to a central exchange. This needs to change. My idea is to have some sort of Craigslist-type site where you can exchange bitcoin for both local currency and goods/services/favors. The site need not deal in bitcoin at all, as there are already methods implemented in bitcoin for making a transaction that is in everyone's best interests with a lower chance of fraud.
Please post your own thoughts on bitcoin and possible solutions to these problems. Also, please let me know if I misunderstand a part of bitcoin; I've read into it as much as possible but I'm not a technical expert by any means and I would love to know if I'm incorrect.
EDIT: Sorry if this makes my post ridiculously long, but I thought more about the MtGox problem, and it boils down to this: **MtGox provides two main services: 1. The exchange of bitcoin into other currencies. 2. A way to measure the exchange rate between bitcoin and these currencies to ensure a fair market price.
How do we decentralize this? I think I may have a solution, and it only requires the bitcoin protocol so thus is immune to DDoS. As a seller, you create a small transaction with additional data listing the amount of BTC you wish to sell and the price in whatever other currency you want for it, and wait. Then, when buyers wish to purchase BTC, they can create a special transaction that includes maybe some contact info that "locks" the transaction from seller to buyer. In this stage, the BTC cannot be spent by anyone. Then, the seller contacts the buyer and arranges the exchange. Ideally, these would be geographically near each other, but this does not necessarily have to be the case. After the exchange has taken place, the buyer signs a message requesting the transaction be "unlocked". Then, the seller similarily does the same, and the BTC is transferred. This ensures both parties remain honest as if both parties do not include the signed message, the BTC is unable to be spent, ever.
It's a start but there are obvious flaws: First, a malicious seller could receive the funds and not unlock the BTC. I have not figured out a better way to create these transactions that does not include either a 1. middleman or 2. more investment than just the BTC to be sold and the currency to pay for it. I welcome suggestions and improvements.
If implemented correctly, this could serve as a full replacement for MtGox as the transactions are out in the open and any bitcoin client can give you up-to-the-minute details of what trades are actually happening in a specific currency.
Additionally, bitcoin has a problem where it's value fluctuates wildly. Sellers want this value to go up, buyers want it to go down, but I think both sellers and buyers would prefer if it didn't do anything else, they'd prefer it to stay the same. To that end, I propose a solution where collectively we value bitcoin based on something other than a fiat currency, like possibly Gold. Gold has a exchange rate to any currency in the world and its value is (for the most part) stable because it's a limited resource. If this were implemented, we could say 1,000BTC = 1 troy ounce of gold or something similar. This has both good and bad; first, the MtGox proposal above would not work the same in this scenario, but in exchange we would have a way to actually provide value to BTC that every person on the planet could agree on.
Other issues worth mentioning that I won't cover for the sake of the size of my post unless people want to hear my thoughts and possible solutions on.
submitted by InMSWeAntitrust to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The Flaw that May Bring Down The Internet or Change it Forever

The internet is currently being used as a illegal publishing system due to a design feature/flaw. That flaw threatens the viability of the internet as a means of decentralised communication.
How so?
Some folks have expoited that feature/flaw to publish Wikileaks cables and pedophile porn links in the Internet's communication protocols.
Of course, that's a problem. It may attact some aggressive behavior from governments, well before the internets reaches a maturation.
However, since the internet is decentralized, the steps required to prevent people from publishing information are far from straightforward.
This now becomes the multi-billion $$ question: can the internet fix itself or will it end up becoming an illegal backwater?
For even more knee-jerk Derp news, go here

submitted by smeggletoot to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[Table] IAmA: I am Julian Assange, publisher of Wikileaks. Ask me anything.

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-06-19
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
By your estimation, which modern government has the most transparency? For a small government, Iceland. But it is hard to compare small governments with large ones. In small societies the path length between individuals is also small, so it is easier to know what is going on in government. Transparency is enforced by proximity and cultural norms as well as bureaucratic standards. See Link to immi.is
— Newer democracies were in general more responsive than some developed ones. Guatemala confirmed the AP request in 72 hours, and sent all documents in 10 days. Turkey sent spreadsheets and data within seven days. Mexico posted responses on the Web. By comparison, Canada asked for a 200-day extension. The FBI in the United States responded six months late with a single sheet with four dates, two words and a large section blanked. Austria never responded at all. — More than half the countries did not release anything, and three out of 10 did not even acknowledge the request. African governments led the world for ignoring requests, with no response whatsoever from 11 out of 15 countries. — Dozens of countries adopted their laws at least in part because of financial incentives, and so are more likely to ignore them or limit their impact. China changed its access-to-information rules as a condition to joining the World Trade Organization in 2001, to boost the economy by as much as 10 percent. Beijing has since expanded the rules beyond trade matters. Pakistan adopted its 2002 ordinance in return for $1.4 billion in aid from the International Monetary Fund. Neither country responded to the AP's test. "Having a law that's not being obeyed is almost worse than not having a law at all," says Daniel Metcalf, the leading U.S. Freedom of Information authority at the Justice Department for the past 25 years, now a law professor at American University. "The entire credibility of a government is at stake."
Link to www.apnewsarchive.com
, what do you do to stop yourself going mental with boredom? From my understanding, you cannot leave the embassy or you'll be arrested, so you've basically placed yourself under house arrest. What are you day to day activities? 1) I only wish there was a risk of boredom in my present situation. Besides being the centre of a pitched, prolonged diplomatic standoff, along with a police encirclement of the building I am in and the attendant surveillance and government investigations against myself and my staff, I am in one of the most populous cities in Europe, and everyone knows my exact location. People visit me nearly every day. I also continue to direct a small multinational organisation, WikiLeaks, which is a serious logistical and occupational endeavour. I barely have time to sleep, let alone become bored.
, (and I don't mean this to sound inflammatory), why did you start a website to leak classified information? Surely you can understand that many things kept confidential are for the reasons of national security, and releasing secret documents puts lives and international relations at risk? 2) Confidential government documents we have published disclose evidence of war crimes, criminal back-room dealings and sundry abuses. That alone legitimates our publications, and that principally motivates our work. Secrecy was never intended to enable criminality in the highest offices of state. Secrecy is, yes, sometimes necessary, but healthy democracies understand that secrecy is the exception, not the rule. "National security" pretexts for secrecy are routinely used by powerful officials, but seldom justified. If we accept these terms of propaganda, strong national security journalism becomes impossible. Our publications have never jeopardized the "national security" of any nation. When secrecy is a cover-all for endemic official criminality, I suggest to you, it bespeaks a strange set of priorities to ask journalists to justify their own existence.
What is your opinion on Edward Snowden? Edward Snowden performed an intelligent and heroic act. I and others had been calling for exactly this act for years (you can read about that here: Link to reason.com) I am a trustee for his legal defense and co-ordinated his asylum. Our Sarah Harrison kept him secure in his path out of Hong Kong and spent 40 days making sure he was OK in Moscow's airport. Just last week I co-launched a new international organisation, the Courage Foundation in Berlin. Pentagon Papers whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg, Nobel Peace Prize winner Mairead Maguire and many other great people are involved. Please support it and Mr. Snowden's asylum renewal campaign. See Link to couragefound.org. Snowden's most recent comments on WikiLeaks are here: Link to t.co
What advice would you give to ordinary citizens in regards to how they can have an impact? We are screaming for change, but what steps can we take? What can ordinary people do? Support and promote projects that are acting at scale. WikiLeaks is my realisation of this tension, but there are a flood of others starting. The clash between diversity and global uniformity which has been created by wiring the world to itself is now in play. You are the troops.
Many of us feel helpless, overwhelmed and small. When we are aware of the world and the scale of its inhumanity and stupidity we feel small. It very hard to "think globally" and "act locally", because by thinking globally we become overwhelmed with the scale of the problems to be solved. However the Internet permits many people to act globally in a way they couldn't before. WikiLeaks is a realisation of this tension. By releasing materials on many parts of the world, we empower others to think and act.
What are your views on Narendra Modi, India's new Right-leaning Prime Minister? The election of Modi is a very interesting development in Indian democracy. We have released many interesting documents on Modi's ascension to power, you can see them here: (just search for 'Modi') Link to wikileaks.org and Link to search.wikileaks.org From these materials it's clear Modi can be most accurately described as a "business authoritarian". Whether Indian needs a stronger centre to compete with China is an open question. Inevitably strong leaders make mistakes and eventually lose their faculties. Other than his extensive big business alliances, I think it is an open question as to whether Modi will bring more good than bad to India.
Lebanon is one of the most politically corrupt nations in the world. For its size, it has a massive and complicated web of economic, political, military influence coming from neighboring countries which, many will argue, polarizes the already divided demographic. I love Lebanon and have many friends there, but your description as to why Lebanon is the way it is, is exactly right. It also makes Lebanon, for its size, the most politically interesting country on earth, because if you understand Lebanon you understand the powerflows across the region. Some of that is documented here: Link to wikileaks.org
What is your take on how Lebanon continues to somehow function and what direction might we expect it to take politically, socially, and economically, as the current state of affairs persist? As for the future of Lebanon, I would not presume to understand more than Lebanese do. But pulling back from the dynamics of the moment, I believe the hope for Lebanon is in the web of business, social and political alliances created by the Lebanese diaspora. While the diaspora is often rightfully seen within Lebanon as a corrupting influence, it is also external support for the continued existence of the country in the same way that the jewish diaspora is for Israel.
If you had a chance to do this all again, would you, and what changes would you make? Again - definitely; we only live once and every day spent living your principles is a day at liberty. It is clear that history is on our side. Most of our difficult decisions are constrained by resource limits, not ideas. But I was ignorant about the extent of Sweden's geopolitical reliance on the United States and to some extent the structure of UK society. You can read about that here: Link to wikileaks.org
You are implying that Sweden's extradition request for you was at the behest of the U.S. Given the U.S. and UK "special relationship" why do you think the U.S. would not make a direct extradition request to London? It may well do so. See Link to justice4assange.com
What would you say was the most important piece of information you have leaked? Our ongoing PLUSD series, which contains more than two million cables, has had by far the most impact and continues to be used in court cases and elections every week. You can search it here: Link to wikileaks.org
Closest to my heart, perhaps unsurprisingly, is Collateral Murder Link to collateralmurder.org and the military histories of nearly every death and incident in Iraq + Afghanistan Link to wardiary.wikileaks.org
Elections I understand, but how are wikileaks documents admissible in a US court of law? There are many precedents now to say they are admissible. See Link to www.brickcourt.co.uk
In regards to President Obama you were recently quoted as saying, “You must surely, now, start to reflect on what your legacy will be." How do you think history will remember you, and how do you feel about that? For presidents it is important, but for the rest of us it is more important to get things done and see your legacy in the world. We're doing well in the more academic or comprehensive histories and outside the worst aspects of the English speaking mainstream press. Smears don't have much staying power on their own because they deviate from the foundations of reality (what actually happened). They require constant energy from our opponents to keep going. The truth has a habit of reasserting itself.
Hi Julian! I'm a former SNL writer who penned some jokes that parodied your predicament -- including one you've re-tweeted as a meme. Now, you're probably going to have a large number of serious questions. I'm here to ask: What are your favorite pieces of fiction? And if you got a day out to have a good time, where would you go and what would you do? We all got a chuckle from that. Less so when Amnesty (which is part funded by the UK government) did this: Link to www.youtube.com but still refuses to call Chelsea Manning (or me) a political prisoner. See also Link to roqayah.co
Favourite fiction: Cancer Ward.
What are your thoughts on cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin? Here is a conversation from 2011 where I tell Google's chairman, Eric Schmidt about Bitcoin. Fortunately he didn't listen, or else he'd own the planet by now. Link to wikileaks.org
What is the information you hesitated most about revealing due to safety issues for people involved? What made you decide revealing it anyway? The Penny report. The UK argued to us that it was a "serious nuclear proliferation risk", but on further research, they were full of hot air.
Link to wikileaks.org)
Like Edward Snowden, do you feel the media made an effort to focus on you rather than what you were doing? How would the choice to remain anonymous have impacted Wikileaks? It is hard to stay anonymous and run a big ship. In a conflict at this level, once your opponent knows who you are, then you need the protection of a public profile. This consideration fed into both my and Edward Snowden's decision making.
What are your thoughts on the sexual assault allegations brought against you? See Link to wikileaks.org
Is there any one piece of information that you truly regret leaking? No. We make a promise to our sources. We keep it.
Two questions. Gottfrid Svartholm, one of the founders of the Pirate Bay, is to go on trial in Denmark next month for hacking crimes. Can you give some details on what work did he do for WikiLeaks as a 'consultant'? To what extent do you think his trials in Denmark and Sweden are related to this work? See Link to search.wikileaks.org
As a Nepalese, we saw our Royal Family massacred and the blame was on Prince Dipendra (son of the then King) who also happen to die the next day and the Younger brother of the then king Gyanendra takes the thrown of Late king Birendra, who also gets dethroned and gradually the nation falls under the reign of the Maoist rebels and the entire nation is now on havoc with no constitution as of yet and more violence and crime unaddressed. As a Nepalese neither I nor anyone believes what was feed to us, I still feel the real truth is somewhere and thats what we all Nepalese would want to know is there any Truth missing from what was told to us? Please share your thoughts. I am not personally aware of the situation, but I do recall it is discussed in our materials. See Link to search.wikileaks.org
Last updated: 2014-06-23 11:30 UTC
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