Bitcoin and Gangsters Hacker Noon

Binance Support Number (+𝟏) 445*𝟗𝟎0*1𝟒𝟐𝟓 ♚ USA Help Phone

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How to keep the last privacy in the era of network transparency

How to keep the last privacy in the era of network transparency
Before half of 2020, the word "data breach" appears extremely active. All over the world are plagued by data breaches, but also cause major losses.
In today's Internet era, any behavior you have on the Internet is likely to be recorded, and then through big data summary and statistical analysis, you can basically say: everything you know, the network knows. In a centralized system, the system platform operator can get all your data in the background. Based on the drive of business interests, they will use this data to commercialize applications: sell data and sell services.
The world is interconnected. This is the status quo and an irreversible development trend. In this interconnection, there are no boundaries in the future. In this near future where there are no borders and everything is connected, imagine that your alarm clock, electricity meter, mobile phone, mobile detector, and other things that are needed every day are interconnected, so that others can understand your situation. What a terrible thing it is, like being in a completely privacy-free environment, such a future, you,Suffocation? Should we have privacy?
In December 1948, the United Nations promulgated the Basic Law, "Universal Declaration of Human Rights," Article 12 of which stated personal privacy as follows:
No one's private life, family, residence and correspondence must be arbitrarily interfered, and his honor and reputation must not be attacked. Everyone has the right to legal protection against such interference or attacks.
In the electronic age, privacy is essential for an open society. Privacy is different from secret. Privacy is something that someone does not want to make public. The secret is something he doesn’t want anyone to know. Privacy is a power. It gives someone the right to decide what to disclose and what not to disclose.
In a distributed Internet environment, the privacy of individuals from a macro perspective mainly covers four aspects: node privacy, content privacy, link privacy, and tunnel privacy. Let's expand one by one and look at the specific content of the four dimensions of privacy.
1) Node privacy
Node privacy refers to the fact that in an open distributed environment, both parties interacting with each other do not know each other's sensitive information, such as IP address and MAC address, so as to achieve the purpose of not exposing each other. At the same time, it is impossible for other nodes to perceive the location of the sender and the receiver through network sniffing.
The following uses the Bitcoin network topology as an example to illustrate the importance of node encryption.
As of now, there are about 8,000 nodes in the entire Bitcoin network. Based on current technology, the cost of building a parallel sniffing network is very low. Some researchers have done statistics. When the topology sniffing network starts, after about 10 blocks height, it can basically infer the connection topology of the entire network. Coupled with the fixed time interval of gossip message propagation, it is basically possible to infer the general distribution position of the construction nodes of a transaction information, thereby destroying the privacy of the nodes.
2) Privacy of communication content
The privacy of communication content means that the communication content is only visible to both parties of the interaction. No one can intercept the data from the network, or without the authorization of both parties, no one can see the plain text of the communication.
3) Link privacy
Link privacy refers to the connection established by both parties in communication, which is encrypted; No one has the ability to use the link for data transmission without the relevant key. As shown in the figure below, a-> b, b-> c, c-> d, etc.
4) Tunnel privacy
In some cases, the communication between the nodes will be completed by one or more relay nodes. In this way, based on the transceiver node and the relay node, a communication tunnel is formed; tunnel privacy means that only the sending node has the right to send data from the sending node to the receiving node via the relay node. Under the premise of authorization, there is no way to complete the transmission of data. As shown above, a-> d, e-> h logical communication tunnel.
For the four privacy dimensions mentioned above, there is a general solution that can effectively protect the security. Although the communication efficiency needs to be improved, functionally speaking, it can already take into account the four dimensions. And in the following, for this general security idea, gives the possible dimensions for further optimization.
1. Description of General Encryption Network Solution
Firstly, each relay routing node in the encrypted network creates a routing descriptor, which contains some contact information, mainly IP addresses, ports, public keys, and other broadband capabilities. After the creation is complete, send this information to the directory server of the whole network (usually also become the Bootstrap node). Based on this information, the directory server generates a unique descriptor for the routing node for the entire network, which is stored on the directory server along with the descriptor information. In the following, we will describe in detail how the privacy of the encrypted network is protected from three aspects: networking topology, message structure and link transmission construction.
1) Network topology
As shown in the following figure, in an encrypted network, we recommend that clients, relay agents, relay routing nodes, directory servers, and possibly bridge nodes together form the entire network topology. When the client builds a communication link, the steps are as follows:
A. The client initiates a node request to the directory server;
B. The directory server generally recommends three nodes to the client from the directory table based on the weight selection algorithm. Logically, they are called entrance node, intermediate node and exit node.
C. After receiving effective feedback from the directory server, the client builds a complete tunnel link step by step according to the Response message.
2) Link establishment
Based on the above description, we know that a client can obtain three nodes of a link through the directory server: entrance node, intermediate node, and exit node.
A. The client uses the DH handshake protocol (Diffie-Hellman) to shake hands with the ingress node to generate a shared session key. Based on the shared key, the client sends a CREATE message to the entrance node;
B. After receiving the CREATE message, the entrance node will establish a link with the intermediate node based on the address of the intermediate node in the message and complete the key exchange;
C. Based on the segmented encrypted link and DH handshake protocol completed above, the client completes key negotiation with the intermediate node;
D. Similarly, based on the two-level encrypted tunnel established above, the client sends a CREATE message to the intermediate node to complete the establishment of the encrypted link between the intermediate node and the exit node;
E. Finally, the client completes the key negotiation between the client and the egress node based on the above three-level segmented encrypted link, and then completes the establishment of the entire onion tunnel link;
3) Message structure and transmission
Before the message is sent from the client, it will use the shared key negotiated with the exit node, intermediate node, and entrance node to encrypt from the inside out. The innermost message is encrypted using the shared key of the exit node, then the intermediate node, and finally the entrance node.
A. After the above message is sent from the client, the entrance node will judge the validity of the message based on the shared key negotiated and remove the outer encryption, and then send it to the intermediate node;
B. After receiving the message from the entrance node, the intermediate node will judge the validity of this message based on the shared key negotiated with the client and remove the encryption of this layer, and then send it to the exit node;
C. The exit node uses the shared key negotiated with the client and repeats the above steps. Eventually send the client's message to the real destination address.
2. Optimization for the above program
In the description of the above scheme, we can easily see that there are two obvious flaws, that is, the startup node is too centralized, which can easily lead to a single point of failure or suffer from a network hijacking attack. At the same time, because the data exchange is based on link exchange, when the network congestion is severe, it is easy to cause network service delay. Due to the single structure of the message, it also restricts the data in the link transmission process to a certain extent, and optimizes the transmission performance. Below we will give specific optimization ideas based on the above two points:
1) No central server
The aforementioned encrypted network node knows the existence of all relay and entry / exit nodes by connecting to the directory server. The optimized project node will know the existence of other nodes through the local network database (tentatively called NetDB). NetDB learns the existence of more nodes when connecting other nodes through the DHT algorithm. It is a distributed network database. It mainly provides router contact information and target contact information. Each piece of data is signed by the appropriate party and verified by anyone who uses or stores it.
2) Optimization of data exchange mode
The first point to note is that in the optimized encrypted network, there are two different links for the communication link of the two parties, that is, the entrance link and the exit link are different;
In the optimized encrypted network, the connection is broken up into data packets by the message mechanism (Message), after being cross-transmitted through different TCP or UDP tunnels, the receiver reassembles into a data stream, that is, the optimized encrypted network is based on Packet switching, packet switching can drive some implicit load balancing and help avoid congestion and service interruption.
Undoubtedly, open data sharing is the source of power for the development of data-related industries, but the existing data storage methods and network protocols have many shortcomings. Solving such problems has become a very important step on the road to the next generation of the Internet world. DSP Labs has always kept thinking and exploring the next generation Internet infrastructure. I believe that in the near future, DSP Labs can bring a new choice to the Internet world.
Find us:
Wechat: DSPLabs
submitted by DSP-Lab to u/DSP-Lab [link] [comments]

We're Going Down To A Market Cap of ~$420bn (Volumetric Observations)

This is a very basic take from a volumetric analysis of Bitcoin. Data dates back from yesterday, but today's confirms this prediction.
I'll go briefly over the following points:
  1. How we call this prediction for BTC.
  2. Extrapolation to global market cap and other cryptos.
  3. What it means for the crypto space.
  4. Why this information should help you.
Note: I'm not a native english speaker so please forgive in advance any approximation in terminology. Hopefully you can correct my words rather than criticize (assume it's logically correct but using the wrong words, before bashing. I'll humbly accept any criticism too, the point is to discuss.)

1. Volumetric Analysis

Observe this chart, especially the horizontal volume bars on the right, relating to pricing:
(Source: Trader of Futures, Published on Jan 29, 2018 on YouTube, link at the bottom. You can watch the video if you want more details about volumetric charts).
Most people look at Technical Analysis from a price standpoint (candles, etc), but this is more backward-looking than forward. In essence it shows what has happened, not what is about to happen.
From a volume standpoint though, you can effectively characterize two very important aspects of a given value:
You can see very clearly that BTC is dull right now over January (horizontally), there's not much incentive to upset the current (downward) trend. Down moves are strong, comparatively to consolidations (horizontal/up moves).
You can also identify the following support levels:
Notice how the volume is much bigger below 8.4k than it is above: this is strong sign that many people are comfortable buying below 8.4k, indicating that there are little chances we go below (everything will be bought). This is currently the strongest next support level for BTC.
Notice also how it's much, much bigger below $5k: reasonably we can assume that BTC cannot move lower. If we break the 5k barrier, it will be bought almost instantly in the $4k-$5k range.
It's all intuition and sentiment, but given the current situation of cryptos (see 3. below), it is very likely that we will go down to 8.4k. It is also very likely that we'll pick back up after that.
Currently, there is resistance around $12k. To break above that level, we'd need volume (horizontally, a push up with enough weight). We'll see how it goes once this bear phase becomes bull again. It's hard to know when the shift back up will happen, but I'd expect in February, and breaking past $12k in March or so.

2. Extrapolation to global market cap and other cryptos (top 25)

Based on prices from yesterday, a dip to $8.44k for BTC would be about 0.85 its price when I took the values (9913 at the time).
It seems that the market is vastly correlated to BTC globally, so if we simply assume a linear move for the market globally, here's what we can expect:
In blue, a 0.85 dip. In pink, a 0.51 dip down to $5k-ish.
Again, it's very likely we will hit the blue values. It's possible, although rather unlikely we'll hit the pink ones.
For any value that's not in this chart, just multiply your coin's current value ×0.85 to get a feel of how much lower it will likely go.
For a more thorough price prediction, we should look at volumes (in pricing, Y-axis) of each cryptocurrency. I don't have time to do that, but you can and would therefore identify the proper support levels for each coin. I assumed here that it's overall "about good enough" to get a feel.

3. The crypto space right now

This is the most subjective part of this post so I'll just echo general sentiment.

Some people have a clear interest for cryptos to go down temporarily

Now that the crypto market has been somewhat legitimized, more and more people want in. They're not willing to buy at ATH obviously, so many are waiting. Others already in are taking profits as they see/saw this bear coming. It's all normal and a factual expectation of any market soaring high, then pausing a bit before going much higher if the underlying fundamentals are good.
The crypto scene right now is a bit of both, good and bad fundamentals (from the tech which is good but mostly beta/alpha, to the use-cases and general legal environment which is uncertain for now and therefore more on the bad sides of things, until such time we clear these unknowns).
Basically, whales are now waiting for the right time to enter. This is our $8.4k support level, as long as there's no major event to upset it (war, stock market crash, basically any macroeconomic bomb).

The somewhat official Bitcoin (BTC) is currently falling out of favor

Versus other cryptos, BTC dominance over the market went from 66% to 33% in a month. It's a huge loss of dominance that it's very unlikely to recover. Many people are already predicting that Ethereum (ETH) will soon take it over.
People also realized that BTC was no more viable as a "peer-to-peer electronic cash system" (words taken from Satoshi Nakamoto in the white paper) and that many other cryptos could be valid candidate. The space is in tremendous innovation, it's a really before-early-adopter phase right now.
Internally regarding Bitcoin itself, there is also much controversy due to forks over fundamental disagreements (namely Bitcoin Cash BHC) and a questionable new direction taken by self-proclaimed official caretakers of BTC (namely "Blockstream").
This is the reason for the feud between Bitcoin (BTC) and btc (BCH). I won't go into it here, but let's just say that overall it's a bit of shitshow that doesn't reflect good upon any bitcoin fork right now, and that appearances can be very, very deceiving, willingly or not from their respective promoters. Personally, I've been flabbergasted at what I've discovered, and I'm pretty sure it will be a big bomb if it ever reaches the attention of major media (it probably won't though).
Basically, BTC is falling out of favor fast from the general public, and this is causing the general crypto market as a whole to pause, reflect, and probably evolve, but that's never as smooth as it seems.
My personal prediction is that the top 3 coins a year from now may possibly not include any bitcoin(s).

Tether, Bitgrail, Bitconnect: time to do some cleaning

These are just examples of FUD-inducing events (some would say with good reasons!) that keep nagging this space with pains that keep it volatile and uncertain.
It's not clear at all when the crypto market will become suitable enough for the real mainstream to enter, not even questioning its use cases for now. But there are thresholds in security, trust, compliance that we have yet to pass with flying colors.
Again, this is causing more uncertainty. Since it's very hard to pinpoint the exact reasons for a surge up or a fall down in value of crypto-values, market actors are taking a stance back before making their bigger moves. Ergo, wait, see what's what.

South Korea, China and the USA are to make big legal moves

We don't know yet what will the legal situation be 6 months from now. What's sure is that official authorities have taken a big deep look at cryptos now, and Asia is by far the biggest investor especially in the mainstream. We're nowhere near that level in the west, although the importance of the USA in the global economy amplifies its decisions from a media standpoint.
Europe is also making moves, although as usually these days, it's a bit of an old dwarf versus Asia and America; its rather conservative population is unlikely to make massive moves (a notable exception is Switzerland for its relative independence from the EU).
This is again more general uncertainty, especially in Korea and China, that begs investors to wait a bit before they move. Hence, the bear is making its run. Big money, the kind that has a clear interest for a lower price, isn't doing anything to stop that trend (see first point).

Big, real, good projects take time

If you look at the development roadmaps and expectations from big projects team members (ETH, NEO...), you'll see that they expect to meet certain very important milestones (notably in scaling) by 2019 or even 2020. We're not there yet for general mainstream VISA-threatening adoption, guys. We still have A LOT of work to do.
Did I already mention that this market needs time?

4. What this information all means for you, how does this help?

Obviously the most important parts were 1. and 2. regarding your investments.
You now have a clearer picture of where we're going, most likely. You can anticipate how much your values will drop if they keep going down. So you can now arm yourself with patience, knowing that it is to be expected.
A bear market sometimes makes casualties, in the form of values (coins, companies, entire sectors...) that had no solid-enough grounds. There are bankruptcies, some teams/projects get bought. Others earn their legitimacy, too.
Don't panic. Just rationalize your investments:
  • Are the projects you support solid? It's not about being big (top 25) or small (in the high hundreds on CMC...), it's about being good, realistic, solving problems. It's about having people that can deliver on their objectives (track record, experience, behavior with other actors and on social media). I have more confidence in some rank 1,000-ish cryptos in my portfolio than some top 25.
  • How deep are their pockets? Dedicated their team? Can they withstand a month or even year-long bear market? Can they keep the payroll going until there's money coming in, i.e. a valid product? How timely is their product versus the chances of adoption? (this is why I insisted on making part 3. above).
You can't necessarily know the real answer to all these questions unless you're an insider, but some projects are better than others at making these unknowns known. Trust your intuition. If something feels off to you, it probably is to some degree. Question is, how comfortable are you supporting them with your own money?

Final words

Expect the dip to continue.

Until you see a market cap of ~420 billions, it's just the natural continuation of current volumes. It's OK, you already know (now...) what it means in terms of numbers in your portfolio. You wouldn't be here in the first place if you weren't ready for dips in-between highs.
If we break below that, sub-$400bn, then chances are we'll be heading for a 50%-ish dip, down to ~250bn. It's OK, too. Don't panic sell. Just be brutally honest with yourself before that, to let go of projects that you don't really believe in (moonshots ICOs and over-hyped coins), remain confident as ever in the ones you trust to see the light eventually.
This is a long term game, we're before early adoption in terms of tech.
There will be many such dips before we get there.
But we'll get there, eventually. That's what we all believe. And we have solid grounds for that belief, it's not faith, it's an educated guess based on how this world and business works.

If you want to double in (buy more), look at volumes to get a general bearing on your favorites.

Look at volumes on your coins. On the general market. Look how big people are moving, not just how high/low a given value is moving (it could be very low volumes and mean not much, if anything at all).
Don't be the sucker that only looks at candles. Spoiler: good traders don't really care for candles. Price analysis. TA. This is all just a reflection of the past. Volume is where it's at to anticipate moves, and you can only mix that with experience and intuition for the market. That's what investing on markets means.
You should never invest in something you don't understand, in a company or project you can't judge for yourself. For instance I understand tech, so I'm comfortable investing in Silicon Valley tech companies. But I know shit about retail even though I read Sam Walton's and Jeff Bezos biography. So I don't invest in those. If you invest in crypto, you should at least know a bit about crypto-tech itself, and you should know about the industry your particular projects are targeting.
None of this post is financial advice (I'm not qualified for that). But this is my only investing advice for you: know what these guys you're giving money to are doing. Be able to have an opinion about their goals, how it fits in the real world.
That's it, peeps. Already long enough I guess.
I'm hoping some nice fellow redditor can make a guide to volumetric analysis on or something.
Have a great day.
Link to the video that inspired me to make this post:

EDIT: QUICK UPDATE 2018-02-02 10:44 UTC

We're now standing right above the support level for [email protected]$8.4K-ish (Y-axis volume profile). So far this estimation seems to be about right. [disclaimer: it's not just me, several people called this a month ago, I'm actually late to this party.]
  • Answering comments about graph analysis of any kind:
Remember, it's not only graph analysis: a good part of guesstimating markets is just that, guessing, based on intuition/sentiment/experience, whatever you call it. The news do matter, so do the fundamentals (the tech, the target market/sector's readiness for adoption of products (aka S-curve), the legal environment, etc.). Part 3 in this post is mostly why I drew such conclusions from the volume profile, and why I ultimately felt we were going down (and could still go lower). This doesn't change my general feeling that cryptos are here to stay and will be a major part of the economy in the 2020's. Nonetheless, volume profile is a strong indicator of future performance, unless major event —extrinsic (e.g. global crash/war etc.) or intrinsic (e.g. bad fork, legal issues, etc.), for a period about as long as the retracing (here, 4 months, so whatever you infer from these charts above could only go as far as April or so). I feel the market is too new and volatile to infer much further from graphs, after that it's only sentiment.
  • Back to our chart:
We broke below the average growth line from early October (white line + "!" on this graph). I don't think it's very significant, but some people would, so I included it. Notice we only have 2 strong lows to draw this, one (middle) is weak-ish.
There's a big buy wall underneath our current $8.4K support level, so chances are we'll rebound. If we do break below however, we're headed towards the yellow arrow/line ($5K, $250bn market cap or lower if other cryptos keep falling below BTC, and they very well might in average if this is a sanitizing event —which is very much needed for the sanity of this space, imho). Looking at the overall ordered volumes (horizontally), the current fall isn't very much sustained however, about average, indicating a dull movement upset only by previous volume profiles as we speak. An influx of good news could reverse it. Otherwise... brace yourselves.
Edit 2018-02-02 23:30 UTC: the market seems to have stabilized around $410 bn.
Edit 2018-02-07 13:05 UTC: We've hit a low of $270~280 bn, BTC tried the $6K level but bounced. News from the USA seems to have a positive effect, possible recovery ongoing (it's an integral part of the way we read these charts today). Volumes are stronger than ever on this rising trend. We may still see a bigger dip or two but general trend imho looks to be upwards.
We are currently testing a resistance level around $8500 for BTC. (Next one above is 12K-ish and then there's no foreseeable bound. Below we sit above a direct fall to $5.5K).
Edit 2018-02-09 01:50 UTC: We're not in the clear yet, imho. The sentiment is still bearish. There are signs of bulls waiting to come in but we're testing a rather strong resistance level kicking off around $8,400. Below the current $8K price, we do have to confirm or find a floor before we bull back up (last support on Feb 6th was at $6K, history shows a support level around 5,400 (from Nov 12) but volume profile suggests we could test slightly below, $5K support from mid Oct).
I am still observing this market before making another post. I'm about half confident that we're seeing the last bears.
Right now I don't have anything else to say to you other than what I'm personally doing: I'm holding, not buying this dip just yet; waiting to see a second confirmation of the support level in the $5K~6.5K range (i.e. support level). I want to make a most educated decision in the aftermath of this crash. I plan to buy in just after the bull market resumes, once I've had several (at least two) possible confirmations (might be RSI, might be volumes, might be some news/sentiment, might be just a textbook 'W' too).
On the way up, regardless of when it happens, we still have to retest several resistance levels: $12.2K, 13K, 14.6K. BTC is very uncomfortable for some reason around $12K, so I expect turmoil in these areas.
Here's my non-professional advice for crucial times: don't be too hasty. Don't panic over 20% when your end game is 200% or ten times that. Don't fear of missing out by a day or even a week when you're in for years... Many (educated) people still believe $30K~40K for BTC by year's end to be a rather conservative estimate. I concur. So who gives a f--k about $2K more or less now? ; )
Edit 2018-02-12 20:20 UTC:
This time, the volume profile I outlined 11 days ago was rather spot on.
I'm still observing the market honestly, we're in a bit of a horizontal move right now. We did stretch almost to $250bn in the dip, but it seems $420bn really is/was the consolidation average box. It's hard to predict which way it's gonna break out in the short term. (for more info, see "Bitraged" videos on YouTube, they really nail it in their current videos, lots of educational value too; I really like their channel).
What's sure is that, everyday we spend at this market cap is all the more ground to "validate" this $420bn value; in other words as we accumulate historical volume at this level, it means that the crypto market really is worth it (increasingly certainly not less). That's a reassuring sign imho.
I think the real consolidation will happen later this year, probably at a higher market cap, when "good" coins/projects start siphoning the "bad" ones. Big finance involvement (and their many audits, reports, evaluations, etc. destined to their major customers) will sort out the market hopefully more rationally than it is today. I expect this to slowly be reflected on rankings like CMC.
Regarding Q2-Q3, there are increasingly many more signs that the future looks bright overall. However I'm thinking that the involvement of big financial institutions (FI) will likely result in much more regulation and therefore the death of many not-so-fantastic projects/coins, and some exchanges as well. I hope this will truly be the year of decentralized exchanges, so that we have an alternative to big FI's exchanges (I personally would use both, for different purposes).
Personally I'm regrouping my assets around projects I really really trust, those with a promising basis and already established demand (e.g. fiat-to-crypto gates, or crypto management solutions for the mainstream), while planning on investing in some hot-shot ICOs during Q1.
Thanks again for all your comments and pms, I very much appreciate the discussion.
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06-04 00:34 - 'Bitcoin, trade wars, nuclear war, off-grid living and Ted Kaczynski' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/MarcBago removed from /r/Bitcoin within 273-283min

Bitcoin, trade wars, nuclear war, off-grid living and Ted Kaczynski
I saw a post on here earlier asking if the trade war with China is good news for bitcoin.
Which got me thinking- would war be good news for bitcoin?
What about nuclear war?
Expected answer: cashing out your bitcoins would be the last of your problems during nuclear war.
Which I agree with. But I have a soft spot in my heart for off-grid lifestyles and an anti-tech revolution as imagined by Ted Kaczynski. His latest book released in 2016 I believe, Anti-Tech Revolution: Why & How (pdf is available free online) was a fascinating read, I read it front to back 3+ times in a row after first coming across it.
Kaczynaki takes a look at revolutions throughout history and the social sciences generally (which he rightfully observes is nowhere remotely like the hard sciences) in this book, and one thing he concludes is that human affairs are unpredictable and society cannot be designed and there will sooner or later be catastrophic failure of the industrial technological system we are living in.
You know what, how about I paste a snippet here for y’all to digest and share your thoughts about-
The Development ofa Society Can Never Be Subject to Rational Human Control
I. In specific contexts in which abundant empirical evidence is available, fairly reliable short-term prediction and control of a society's behavior may be possible. For example, economists can predict some ofthe immediate consequences for a modern industrial society of a rise or a fall in the interest rates. Hence, by raising or lowering interest rates they can manipulate such variables as the levels ofinflation and ofunemployment.3 Indirect consequences are harder to predict, and prediction of the conse­ quences of more elaborate financial manipulations is largely guesswork. That's why the economic policies ofthe U.S. government are subject to so much controversy: No one knows for certain what the consequences of those policies really are. Outside of contexts in which abundant empirical evidence is avail­ able, or when longer-term effects are at issue, successful prediction-and therefore successful management of a society's development-is far more difficult. In fact, failure is the norm.
• During the first half of the second century BC, sumptuary laws (laws intended to limit conspicuous consumption) were enacted in an effort to forestall the incipient decadence of Roman society. As is usual with sump­ tuary laws, these failed to have the desired effect, and the decay of Roman mores continued unchecked.4 By the early first century BC, Rome had become politically unstable. With the help ofsoldiers under his command, Lucius Cornelius Sulla seized control of the city, physically exterminated the opposition, and carried out a comprehensive program ofreform that was intended to restore stable government. But Sulla's intervention only made the situation worse, because he had killed offthe "defenders oflawful government" and had filled the Senate with unscrupulous men "whose tra­ dition was the opposite ofthat sense ofmission and public service that had animated the best of the aristocracy."5 Consequently the Roman political system continued to unravel, and by the middle of the first century BC Rome's traditional republican government was essentially defunct.
• In Italy during the 9th century AD certain kings promulgated laws intended to limit the oppression and exploitation of peasants by the aristocracy. "The laws proved futile, however, and aristocratic landowning and political dominance continued to grow."6
• Simon Bolivar was the principal leader ofthe revolutions through which Spain's American colonies achieved their independence. He had hoped and expected to establish stable and "enlightened" government throughout Spanish America, but he made so little progress toward that objective that he wrote in bitterness shortly before his death in 1830: "He who serves a revolution plows the sea." Bolivar went on to predict that Spanish America would "infallibly fall into the hands ofthe unrestrained multitude to pass afterward to those of. . . petty tyrants of all races and colors . . . [We will be] devoured by all crimes and extinguished by ferocity [so that] the Europeans will not deign to conquer us. . . ."7 Allowing for a good deal of exaggeration attributable to the emotion under which Bolivar wrote, this prediction held (roughly) true for a century and a half after his death. But notice that Bolivar did not arrive at this prediction until too late; and that it was a very general prediction that asserted nothing specific.
• In the United States during the late 19th century there were worker-housing projects sponsored by a number ofindividual philan­ thropists and housing reformers. Their objective was to show that efforts to improve the living conditions ofworkers could be combined with... profits of5 percent annually. ... Reformers believed that the model dwellings would set a stan­ dard that other landlords would be forced to meet. . . mostly because of the workings of competition. Unfortunately, this solution to the housing problem did not take hold. . . . The great mass ofurban work­ ers. . . were crowded into. . . tenements that operated solely for profit.8 It is not apparent that there has been any progress over the centuries in the capacity of humans to guide the development of their societies. Relatively recent (post-1950) efforts in this direction may seem superficially to be more sophisticated than those ofearlier times, but they do not appear to be more successful.
• The social reform programs ofthe mid-1960s in the United States, spearheaded by President Lyndon Johnson, revealed that beliefs about the causes and cures of such social problems as crime, drug abuse, poverty, and slums had little validity. For example, according to one disappointed reformer: Once upon a time we thought that ifwe could only get our problem families out of those dreadful slums, then papa would stop taking dope, mama would stop chasing around, and junior would stop car­ rying a knife. Well, we've got them in a nice new apartment with modern kitchens and a recreation center. And they're the same bunch of bastards they always were.9 This doesn't mean that all ofthe reform programs were total fail­ ures, but the general level of success was so low as to indicate that the reformers did not understand the workings of society well enough to know what should be done to solve the social problems that they addressed. Where they achieved some modest level of success they probably did so mainly through luck.
One could go on and on citing examples like the foregoing ones. One could also cite many examples ofefforts to control the development ofsocieties in which the immediate goals ofthe efforts have been achieved. But in such cases the longer-term consequences for society as a whole have not been what the reformers or revolutionaries have expected or desired.11
10 ANTI-TECH REVOLUTION • The legislation of the Athenian statesman Solon (6th century BC) was intended to abolish hektemorage (roughly equivalent to serfdom) in Attica while allowing the aristocracy to retain most of its wealth and privilege. In this respect the legislation was successful. But it also had unexpected consequences that Solon surely would not have approved. The liberationofthe"serfs"resultedinalaborshortagethatledtheAtheniansto purchase or capture numerous slaves from outside Attica, so that Athens was transformed into a slave society. Another indirect consequence of Solon's legislation was the Peisistratid "tyranny" (populist dictatorship) that ruled Athens during a substantial part of the 6th century BC.12 • Otto von Bismarck, one of the most brilliant statesmen in European history, had an impressive list ofsuccesses to his credit. Among other things: -He achieved the unification ofGermany in 1867-1871. -He engineered the Franco-Prussian war of1870-71, but his suc- cessful efforts for peace thereafter earned him the respect of European leaders. -He successfully promoted the industrialization of Germany. -By such means he won for the monarchy the support ofthe middle class. -Thus Bismarck achieved his most important objective: He pre­ vented (temporarily) the democratization of Germany. -Though Bismarckwas forced to resign in 1890, the political struc­ ture he had established for Germany lasted until 1918, when it was brought down by the German defeat in World War 1.13 Notwithstanding his remarkable successes Bismarck felt that he had failed, and in 1898 he died an embittered old man.14 Clearly, Germany was not going the way he had intended. Probably it was the resumption of Germany's slow drift toward democratization that angered him most. But his bitterness would have been deeper ifhe had foreseen the future. One can only speculate as to what the history ofGermany might have been after 1890 if Bismarck hadn't led the country up to that date, but it is certain that he did not succeed in putting Germany on a course leading to results ofwhich he would have approved; for Bismarck would have been horrified by the disastrous war of 1914-18, by Germany's defeat in it, and above all by the subsequent rise ofAdolfHitler. • In the United States, reformers' zeal led to the enactment in 1919 of"Prohibition" (prohibition ofthe manufacture, sale, or transportation
CHAPTER ONE: PART I 11 of alcoholic beverages) as a constitutional amendment. Prohibition was partly successful in achieving its immediate objective, for it did decrease the alcohol consumption of the "lower" classes and reduce the incidence of alcohol-related diseases and deaths; it moreover "eradicated the saloon." On the other hand, it provided criminal gangs with opportunities to make huge profits through the smuggling and/or the illicit manufacture of alcoholic drinks; thus Prohibition greatly promoted the growth of organized crime. In addition, it tended to corrupt otherwise respectable people who were tempted to purchase the illegal beverages. It became clear that Prohibition was a serious mistake, and it was repealed through another constitutional amendment in 1933.15 • The so-called "Green Revolution" of the latter part of the 20th century-the introduction of new farming technologies and of recently developed, highly productive varieties of grain-was supposed to allevi­ ate hunger in the Third World by providing more abundant harvests. It did indeed provide more abundant harvests. But: "[A]lthough the 'Green Revolution' seems to have been a success as far as the national total cereal production figures are concerned, a look at it from the perspective of communities and individual humans indicates that the problems have far outweighed the successes... ."16 In some parts of the world the conse­ quences of the Green Revolution have been nothing short of catastrophic. For example, in the Punjab (a region lying partly in India and partly in Pakistan), the Green Revolution has ruined "thousands of hectares of [for­ merly] productive land," and has led to severe lowering of the water table, contamination of the water with pesticides and fertilizers, numerous cases of cancer (probably due to the contaminated water), and many suicides. "'The green revolution has brought us only downfall,' says Jarnail Singh... . 'It ruined our soil, our environment, our water table. Used to be we had fairs in villages where people would come together and have fun. Now we gather in medical centers.' "17 From other parts of the world as well come reports of negative con­ sequences, of varying degrees of severity, that have followed the Green Revolution.These consequences include economic, behavioral, and medical effects in addition to environmental damage (e.g., desertification).18 • In 1953, U.S. President Eisenhower announced an "Atoms for Peace" program according to which the nations of the world were sup­ posed to pool nuclear information and materials under the auspices of an international agency. In 1957 the International Atomic Energy Agency
12 ANTI-TECH REVOLUTION was established to promote the peaceful uses of atomic energy, and in 1968 the United Nations General Assembly approved a "non-proliferation" treaty under which signatories agreed not to develop nuclear weapons and in return were given nuclear technology that they were supposed to use only for peaceful purposes.19The people involved in this effort should have known enough history to realize that nations generally abide by treaties only as long as they consider it in their own (usually short-term) interest to do so, which commonly is not very long. But apparently the assumption was that the nations receiving nuclear technology would be so grateful, and so happy cooperating in its peaceful application, that they would forever put aside the aspirations for power and the bitter rivalries that throughout history had led to the development of increasingly destructive weapons. This idea seems to have originated with scientists like Robert Oppenheimer and Niels Bohr who had helped to create the first atomic bomb.20 That physicists would come up with something so nai:ve was only to be expected, since specialists in the physical sciences almost always are grossly obtuse about human affairs. It seems surprising, however, that experienced politicians would act upon such an idea. But then, politicians often do things for propaganda purposes and not because they really believe in them. The "Atoms for Peace" idea worked fine-for a while. Some 140 nations signed the non-proliferation treaty in 1968 (others later),21 and nuclear technology was spread around the world. Iran, in the early 1970s, was one of the countries that received nuclear technology from the U.S.22 And the nations receiving such technology didn't t r y t o use i t t o develop nuclear weapons. Not immediately, anyway. Of course, we know what has happened since then. "[H]ard-nosed politicians and diplomats [e.g., Henry Kissinger]...argue that proliferation of nuclear weapons is fast approaching a 'tipping point' beyond which it will be impossible to check their spread." These "veterans of America's cold-war security establishment with impec­ cable credentials as believers in nuclear deterrence" now claim that such weapons "ha[ve] become a source of intolerable risk."23 And there is the inconvenient fact that the problem of safe disposal of radioactive waste from the peaceful uses of nuclear energy still has not been solved.24 The "Atoms for Peace"fiasco suggests that humans' capacity to con­ trol the development of their societies not only has failed to progress, but has actually retrogressed. Neither Solon nor Bismarck would have supported anything as stupid as "Atoms for Peace."
CHAPTER ONE: PART II 13 II. There are good reasons why humans' capacity to control the development of their societies has failed to progress. In order to control the development of a society you would have to be able to predict how the society would react to any given action you might take, and such predic­ tions have generally proven to be highly unreliable. Human societies are complex systems-technologically advanced societies are most decidedly complex-and prediction of the behavior of complex systems presents dif­ ficulties that are not contingent on the present state of our knowledge or our level of technological development. [U]nintended consequences [are] a well-known problem with the design and use of technology... . The cause of many [unintended con­ sequences] seems clear: The systems involved are complex, involving interaction among and feedback between many parts. Any changes to such a system will cascade in ways that are difficult to predict; this is especially true when human actions are involved.25 Problems in economics can give us some idea of how impossibly difficult it would be to predict or control the behavior of a system as com­ plex as that of a modern human society. It is convincingly argued that a modern economy can never be rationally planned to maximize efficiency, because the task of carrying out such planning would be too overwhelmingly complex.26 Calculation of a rational system of prices for the U.S. economy alone would require manipulation of a conservatively estimated 6xl013 (sixty trillion!) simultaneous equations.27 That takes into account only the economic factors involved in establishing prices and leaves out the innu­ merable psychological, sociological, political, etc., factors that continuously interact with the economy. Even if we make the wildly improbable assumption that the behav­ ior of our society could be predicted through the manipulation of, say, a million trillion simultaneous equations and that sufficient computing power to conduct such manipulation were available, collection of the data necessary for insertion of the appropriate numbers into the equations would be impracticable,28 especially since the data would have to meet impossibly high standards of precision if the predictions were expected to remain valid over any considerable interval of time. Edward Lorenz, a meteo­ rologist, was the first to call widespread attention to the fact that even the most minute inaccuracy in the data provided can totally invalidate a
14 ANTI-TECH REVOLUTION prediction about the behavior of a complex system. This fact came t o be called the "butterfly effect"because in 1972, at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Lorenz gave a talk that he titled "Predictability: Does the Flap of a Butterfly's Wings in Brazil Set Off a Tornado in Texas?"29 Lorenz's work is said to have been the inspiration for the development of what is called "chaos theory"30-the butterfly effect being an example of "chaotic" behavior. Chaotic behavior is not limited to complex systems; in fact, some surprisingly simple systems can behave chaotically.31 The Encyclopaedia Britannica illustrates this with a purely mathematical example. Let A and x0 be any two given numbers with 0 CHAPTER ONE: PART II 15 behavior of a macroscopic system requires data so precise that their accuracy can be disturbed by events at the subatomic level, then no reliable prediction is possible. Hence, for a chaotic physical system, there is a point beyond which the horizon of predictability can never be extended. Of course, the behavior of a human society is not in every respect chaotic; there are empirically observable historical trends that can last for centuries or millennia. But it is wildly improbable that a modern techno­ logical society could be free of all chaotic subsystems whose behavior is capable of affecting the society as a whole, so it is safe to assume that the development of a modern society is necessarily chaotic in at least some respects and therefore unpredictable. This doesn't mean that no predictions at all are possible. In reference to weather forecasting the Britannica writes: It is highly probable that atmospheric movements... are in a state of chaos. If so, there can be little hope of extending indefinitely the range of weather forecasting except in the most general terms. There are clearly certain features of climate, such as annual cycles of tem­ perature and rainfall, which are exempt from the ravages of chaos. Other large-scale processes may still allow long-range prediction, but the more detail one asks for in a forecast, the sooner it will lose its validity.34 Much the same can be said of the behavior of human society (though human society is far more complex even than the weather). In some con­ texts, reasonably reliable and specific short-term predictions can be made, as we noted above in reference to the relationship between interest rates, inflation, and unemployment. Long-term predictions of an imprecise and nonspecific character are often possible; we've already mentioned Bolivar's correct prediction of the failure of stable and "enlightened " government in Spanish America. (Here it is well to note that predictions that something will not work can generally be made with greater confidence than predic­ tions that something willwork.35) But reliable long-term predictions that are at all specific can seldom be made. There are exceptions. Moore's Law makes a specific prediction about the rate of growth of computing power, and as of 2012 the law has held true for some fifty years.36 But Moore's Law is not an inference derived from an understanding of society, it is simply a description of an empirically
16 ANTI-TECH REVOLUTION observed trend, and no one knows how long the trend will continue. The law may have predictable consequences for many areas of technology, but no one knows in any specific way how all this technology will interact with society as a whole. Though Moore's Law and other empirically observed trends may play a useful role in attempts to foresee the future, it remains true that any effort to understand the development of our society must (to borrow the Britannica's phrases) "remain a tentative process... with frequent recourse to observation and experiment... ." But just in case someone declines to assume that our society includes any important chaotic components, let's suppose for the sake of argument that the development of society could in principle be predicted through the solution of some stupendous system of simultaneous equations and that the necessary numerical data at the required level of precision could actually be collected. No one will claim that the computing power required to solve such a system of equations is currently available. But let's assume that the unimaginably vast computing power predicted by Ray Kurzweil37 will become a reality for some future society, and let's suppose that such a quantity of computing power would be capable of handling the enormous complexity ofthe present society and predicting its development over some substantial interval of time. It does not follow that a future society of that kind would have sufficient computing power to predict its own develop­ ment, for such a society necessarily would be incomparably more complex than the present one: The complexity of a society will grow right along with its computing power, because the society's computational devices are part of the society.
Thoughts? :)
Bitcoin, trade wars, nuclear war, off-grid living and Ted Kaczynski
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: MarcBago
1: *e.*****/*892*6/Kac*ynski+A*ti-Te**+R*volution+Wh***nd+How*p*f
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Dr. Feng Cao: The history and Status of TPS in blockchain

Dr. Feng Cao: The history and Status of TPS in blockchain

1. TPS Origin of Blockchain

TPS (Transaction Per Second) is not a new word, it is usually used in database to refer to the number of database transactions performed per second. It can be calculated by dividing the number of transactions processed per unit time by the length of time. There are already many ways to improve TPS in traditional database, and the transaction types include insert, delete, query and update. However, in the world of blockchain, all of transactions saved in blocks are hard to be tampered. Thus, what we can do for blockchain transactions only refers to insert and query.
In some ways, blockchain is a new type of distributed database system. The impossible triangle problem about decentralization (number of nodes), efficiency (TPS) and security in distributed systems, is the core issue in the design of blockchain system. Therefore, it makes no sense to simply talk about the TPS of the blockchain without considering decentralization and security. Some projects claim that they have solved the impossible triangle problem, it is just market propaganda in some ways. You don't have to take it seriously. A theorem is called a theorem because it couldn’t be broken so easily.
In traditional database, transactions are stored in various tables, and the number of rows in a table is usually unlimited. As long as there are better approaches to access data such as index and memory data writing, TPS could be well promoted. In the blockchain system, transactions are packaged in block and one block is chained after another. Also, the validity of transactions depends on the consensus of most nodes in system. Thus the TPS of the blockchain is limited by the block size (the number of transactions that can be packed in one block) and the time of block generation. The time of block generation is the sum of the time required for generating a new block and the time required for the nodes to reach consensus.
Since the Bitcoin blockchain was born in 2009, it has been widely criticized that TPS is not high enough. In particular, the POW consensus mechanism is too slow. It takes 10 minutes to generate a block (in fact, a block in 10 minutes is not a limitation of the POW mechanism itself, but an ingenious design for generating a new bitcoin). However, due to the small number of users at that time, the requirements for large-scale TPS were not so urgent. In 2013, Ethereum proposed a blockchain-based smart contract, which opened up a new imagination for the large-scale industry application of the blockchain. Ethereum 1.0 is still based on the improved POW algorithm which generate a block in 15 seconds. TPS seems like high enough for a long time. Even some people hold the view that TPS is not important for blockchain.

2. Isn’t TPS the core issue in blockchain?

All of this has changed with the industry application of blockchain technology. The proposal of Ethereum smart contract and the rise of consortium blockchains in 2015 opened the door for the industry application of blockchain. People attempt to apply blockchain to various industries, finance, supply chain, energy, medical, education, and e-commerce, etc. However, all of these industry applications have requirements for TPS, e.g., various financial services, booking train tickets online and e-commerce. Alibaba would announce a new system peak transaction number on Double 11 shopping carnival (Online promotion day of November 11th each year). It is TPS of their system. When we shopping online, no one can bear the phone without response for a while. The development of consortium blockchains and the application of the industry in 2016 have made many blockchain development teams realize the importance of TPS.
In addition to the TPS, the system response time (RT, Response Time) is also an important indicator that directly affects the user experience in blockchain applications. The TPS affects the system RT. When system is not overload, all transactions in the unit time of block generation can be packaged in one block and the system response time is equal to the time of block generation. However, when the system is overload, that is, all transactions in the unit time cannot be packaged in the same block, the system response time will increase exponentially with the number of new blocks that need to be generated.
The system confirmation time is another related indicator. In simple terms, it is the time to wait for the transaction to be confirmed. Taking online payment as an example, the system response time is the time required to initiate a deduction and the system confirmation time is the time required to complete deduction and the transaction confirmation. In the POW system, the transaction needs to wait for 6 blocks to get final confirmation. In order to enhance the user experience, some trading systems allow the confirmation of transactions in two blocks during small transactions, which is a tradeoff between the user experience and the finality of the transaction.
Although TPS has attracted the attention of practitioners in the application of the consortium blockchain, the impact is relatively limited, and has not caused a wide range of concerns. In 2017, ICO, a popular project, rose, usually attracted the attention of thousands of users around the world. In the same year, Status started a crowd sales, it raised a three-day jam in Ethereum. People can't stand the experience that the transaction is too late to confirm. The blockchain TPS bottleneck has once again become a hot spot in the industry.
In 2018, several public-chain projects were also launched. One of the important purposes was to enhance TPS and make large-scale blockchain applications possible. Blink of an eye, it’s the second half of 2018 now, EOS was born from the beginning of the nominal million-level TPS to the actual landing of 3000+TPS. TPS uselessness has once again risen. One of the arguments is that EOS's TPS is almost idle in normal time, and 10 is enough for usual use. When people can't find the application scenario, TPS is a pseudo-demand. Is it really the truth? In fact, on the contrary, blockchain application innovations are endless. Without a strong TPS support, any large-scale global application can only be a dream. The bottleneck of TPS limits the pace of innovation in blockchain applications. Just as we always need a higher performance computer, the pace of human social information and asset digitization can never be stopped.

3. Are we talking about the same TPS?

Corresponding to the opinion of the TPS is useless, the statement of millions of TPS is endless. Fans of various projects often compare the TPS of this project with another project. Are we really talking about TPS as the same TPS?
First of all, once we mention TPS, we can not ignore the blockchain network structure and the nodes’ software and hardware configuration. TPS can only be compared under the same network and node hardware environment. There are some blockchian network factors we should consider:
How many nodes in the system? Dozens, hundreds, thousands or tens of thousands?
How many nodes participate in consensus? Nodes that do not participate in the consensus in the system cannot contribute to the decentralization of the system.
What is the geographical distribution of these network nodes? Are they in a LAN, or are they distributed in a city, in a province, in a country or in several countries? Are they distributed intercontinental or distributed all over the world?
How does the node hardware and software configuration? Such as network bandwidth, memory capacity, whether the disk is SSD, disk IO speed, disk capacity, CPU frequency, number of CPU cores, operating system, etc.
In a word,the high TPS in a limited WAN is often hard to achieve in a global WAN. Because network delay often makes TPS greatly decreased or even nodes unable to reach consensus and stabilize blocks.
Second, where is the transaction set from for the test? Is it a manually generated data set or a real transaction set? What is the details of the transaction set? Such as the number of Tx(transactions), the complexity of Tx(asset transfer, smart contract calling, cross-chain, cross-sharding ), and the duration of time (a few minutes, hours, days, months or years?),etc.
Finally, what’s the statistical methods of TPS? In the same network with hardware, software and test environment, different statistical methods of TPS will lead to different test results. There are some different computational methods of TPS as below:
1) Normal window N: As the test progresses, continuously increases the window length N. Divide the number of all transactions processed by the current system by the current window length.
TPS = Sum(Tx) / N.
2) Segment window w: Segment the time axis by the window length w. Count the number of transactions processed in each window w, then divide it by the time window w.
TPS = Sum (Tx in window w) / w.
3) Sliding window sw: Slide the time axis by the window length w. Count the number of transactions processed in each sliding window sw, then divide by the time window sw.
TPS = Sum (Tx in sliding window sw) / sw.
If we set the same time window, we can continuously obtain a variety of different TPS, and we can further calculate the average TPS and peak TPS.
Take the above figure as an example. Suppose a point represents 100 transactions Tx.
1.Normal window(window length = 8)TPS value is

The average TPS is (62.5+56.25+66.67+75)/4 = 65.105, peak TPS is 75
  1. Segment window(window length = 8) TPS value is

The average TPS is (62.5+50+87.5+100)/4 = 75, peak TPS is 100
  1. Sliding window(window length = 8) TPS value is

The average TPS is
(62.5+62.5+62.5+62.5+75+75+75+62.5+50+37.5+37.5+37.5+37.5+50+62.5+75+87.5+100+100+100+100+100+100+100+100)/25 = 72.5, peak TPS is 100
Obviously, different window types result in different average TPS and peak TPS
We can infer that different window length would get slightly different results.

4. Approach to improve TPS

At present, it is a common urgent affair to improve TPS for every public chain system. Everyone is actively developing various algorithms to improve the system's TPS. Common methods are divided into the following categories:
- Increase the block size. This is the easiest and most effective way. By increasing the block size, more Tx could be packed in the same block. Under the premise that the time of block generation is given, more Tx are packaged, which means higher TPS. For example, the BCH is a block size expansion of the BTC. However, increasing blocks size will increase the communication cost between nodes in each consensus process. Thus block size can’t be expanded indefinitely.
- Increase the frequency of block generation. When the number of packed Tx in a single block is given, increasing the frequency of block generation can obviously improve the TPS. For example, a block is generated from 10 minutes increased to 15 seconds. However, increasing the frequency of block generation too much often sacrifices the stability of the system, especially in the case of large WAN delays.
- Use higher performance computers (nodes) such as dedicated mining machines. Replace time-consuming software calculations with hardware and accelerate hardware to achieve faster processing speeds, such as various bitcoin mining machines.
- Side chain, under chain and status channel. The side chain is a concept relative to the main chain. The main chain is often referred to the blockchain system that needs to be further improved performance and it is also difficult to change in the short term, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. The basic idea of side chain and under-chain is to create a relatively high-speed or relatively low-security side chain, and put the small amount but high-frequency transactions on the side chain for quick confirmation, and then return to main chain when it is really necessary to settle. The status channel is the invention of Lightning Network, which is an independent channel established between the two accounts to achieve fast transaction. Besides, the transitivity of the channel makes blockchain become a network with various channels, so as to achieve rapid inter-transfer between any two accounts.
-Sharding. Sharding is a typical "divide and conquer" computational approach. The basic idea is to dynamically separate nodes in a blockchain network into several different fragments. All Tx received in the unit time are allocated to different groups. The sharding technique can be specifically classified as token level sharding and smart contract level sharding. Most sharding techniques can only be achieved at the token level. For the sharding of smart contracts, there are no particularly good solutions due to the more complicated state sharding problems. Some projects have proposed state sharding solutions in restricted environments.
- Native multi-chain. Native multi-chain is a typical parallelization method. Different from the traditional bitcoin and Ethereum single-chain structure, the structure of the multi-chain system usually contains one main chain and several sub-chains, and multiple chains can generate blocks at the same time, which makes the block calculation parallelized and greatly improves the TPS. Although the idea of the native multi-chain is easy to understand, in the real development process, we need to dedicate to solve the interoperability of the main chain and the sub-chain. Otherwise, the main chain can easily become the bottleneck of the multi-chain system and thus affecting the scalability of the multi-chain system.
- New consensus algorithm. Convert from POW to POS. Typical POS algorithms include algorithms of the DPOS and BFT. For example, EOS is based on the DPOS algorithm. The new generation of blockchain 3.0 systems often use BFT algorithm and its successors, such as Algorand, Definity, COSMOS/Tendermint, PCHAIN, etc. The traditional PBFT algorithm has the problem of high communication complexity, usually N2, which is often only applicable to the consortium blockchains scenario. At present, each new BFT algorithm often achieves the purpose of reducing communication cost by introducing dynamic or random. Although there is no need to wait for six blocks to achieve finality like the traditional POW algorithm because PBFT has the characteristics of real-time consensus within a single block, there is still a problem with PBFT that internal nodes need four-time consensus. COSMOS/Tendermint innovatively reduced the internal 4 consensus of the PBFT algorithm to 2 consensuses. PCHAIN's PDBFT further reduced the internal 4 consensus to 1 consensus, which greatly reduced the communication cost between nodes.

5. Prospect

The development of blockchain technology will continue to increase along with the blockchain refactoring the entire process of human society. With the emergence of a faster and more stable blockchain 3.0 system, we will usher in a new blueprint for the blockchain value of the Internet and the global village.

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Yassin Hankir of Savedroid on Exit Scams And ICO Sustainability

Yassin Hankir does not pause when he talks. The founder of Savedroid, a German payments startup, doesn’t punctuate his sentences with umms, or aahs: he speaks in declaratives, with clarity and purpose. Only once during our 40-minute discussion does he hesitate significantly, perhaps sensing that in this moment he needs to find the right word. A brief silence, almost as though he’s conferring, and then he returns with “prosecution“.
Dr. Hankir made global headlines in April when he disappeared from public view, faking an ‘exit scam’ — a phenomenon in the virtually-unregulated cryptocurrency world, in which the founders of an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) disappear with the money they raised, leaving investors with no recourse — and no cash.
Hankir, whose company raised almost $50M, made sure his intentions were clear: the Savedroid website was replaced with a still image nabbed from South Park, the Telegram account was abandoned, the offices were gutted of equipment — and to make sure the message got through, he tweeted a photo of his supposed departure from an airport — and subsequent enjoyment of a beer on the beach. The message that accompanied the tweet? “Thanks guys. Over and out.”
Frustration, Anger, Action, Apology
“We’re sorry” says Hankir, several times during our talk. “We need to apologize for the action we took; since it was very spontaneous we didn’t think through all the consequences and we gave people a very hard time, our ICO investors… and we are sorry.”
Hankir did not fit the bill for an exit scam. A public figure who speaks at conferences, and who built a strong community around his ICO, he has both an academic and business background that suggests strong credibility. The product itself — Savedroid’s payment system for converting fiat to cryptocurrency, designed for simplicity and mass adoption — seemed to be adhering to the roadmap, and has been under development for three years.
Hankir’s account of the run-up to his stunt does not seem practiced or forced. We spend some time discussing the Savedroid app, which has some novel features for saving — some suggested by the community. The app will transfer micropayments of fiat to crypto based on an IFTTT-type trigger system — for instance, it might use geofencing to send a deutsche mark or two when you get to the gym; when you achieve your step goal (monitored by your phone) it might send another one; and when Donald Trump tweets about North Korea, it might send fifty DM to your nuclear bunker fund.
But his voice changes when we move on to the subject of his company’s ICO. He speaks faster, and is clearly agitated.
“For the whole time of our ICO, four months, on a daily basis, 24/7, we were exposed to scams,” he explains. “Scammers duplicating our website… cloning it… doing Google ads to drive traffic to them and then changing the [ETH] addresses so that people would buy “tokens”, but of course they were really sending their money to some scammer, and then it’s all gone.”
“On Telegram, people doing fake profiles as admins… some strange guys who wanted to deposit physical cash which of course is for money laundering purposes… scamming in every direction, trying to rip off your community… and you realize it’s like fighting the wind. We warned people in our newsletters, we contacted Google to remove the ads, but you cannot prevent it 100%. You want to protect your community but you cannot, and this was a really frustrating experience.”
Frustration boiled over into anger, Hankir admits, and this anger — plus a healthy dose of self-interest — drove the decision to do something about the scamming.
“So we could say, lucky us, why deal with this any more… but we decided that the ICO market is not sustainable, the scams create a significant risk to the market. If there is no trust, the whole market will break down. So this is in our own business interest.”
As Hankir describes it, this is what led to the spontaneous decision to fake an exit scam. How The ‘Exit Scam’ Looked From Within
“We went to a city close to Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, about 50 kilometers,” says Hankir. “We went to the most prominent startup location and rented a room, and the whole team was there, working on this. It was very spontaneous, there was no planning, we just got in the car and went there and then we took down the website.” Hankir sent me a link to the co-working location.
“We had no idea that the story would be picked up — in Germany of course, we expected it would be a big topic, but then it was the ‘States, and Bloomberg and TechCrunch, and that was not expected.”
“The whole action took place over 24 hours, and we used this day to work on the communication, to make clear what the point was, and what a solution could look like.”
I asked Hankir about the two photographs in the tweet, and how he reacted to the fact that Crypto Briefing journalist Adam Selene had located the resort pictured in the second photo.
These were my individual photos, the selfie at the airport I took two weeks before, for a friend I was visiting. The other one was from an Egypt vacation I took one-and-a-half years ago, just a private picture. It was scary, it was just a really bad selfie shot where you can barely see the background. I was astonished that anyone could do that, and the guy who did it, yes, he came up with the right resort. Yassin Hankir Founder, Savedroid
“At the end, we did not manage to get our message across.This was very badly done, and we understood that fairly fast, and the way the action was carried out was not appropriate. Now, a few weeks past, people are able to have a fact-based discussion about the future and what could be done differently in the market.”
The reaction to Hankir’s spontaneous protest over ICO scammers was profound and immediate. When Crypto Briefing published the location of the resort where Hankir had stayed (and was presumed by many to be staying at the time of the stunt) volunteers in Egypt from our Telegram group began contacting local authorities; random threats of violence against Hankir were immediately banned, but the more specific ones were kept — just in case:
“I lost around $70k”, said one Telegram commentator. “With $70k I can hire 10 Hitmans [sic.]”
Another suggested that “I am -15k because of this ugly turk” and “I can come from Bulgaria and kill this motherfucker.”
Hankir himself was visited by the Frankfurt police:
“One person filed a complaint on that night. Then the prosecution has to initiate an investigation. And the police check by your office and see if there is any real cause — and we got visited by the police, and they found yes we were here, we were working, and so it was just one office visit and the outcome was very clear, so the thing has been closed down.”
As to the impact on Savedroid’s reputation and success — that may never be quantifiable. The SVD token is not currently listed on exchanges, although the website claims it will be soon. In the Google App store, Savedroid has over 100,000 installs — but the dominant comments concern the exit scam stunt, and it’s hard to imagine that this conveys the trust that Hankir so covets. So What Was The Point?
“We are not the messiahs”, explains Yassin Hankir. He wants the world to know that he’s sorry, deeply sorry… but his apologies are immediately followed by justifications.
And that’s where there’s a disconnect in our interview. Sorry, but…
Hankir is not sorry for trying to create awareness that the ICO world is full of scammers and driven by short-term financial gain. He’s not sorry, in my opinion, that he took this action at all.
He’s sorry that we didn’t hear or understand.
It’s the one aspect of the interview that continues to disturb me. He has a noble cause, but I come away from this discussion with a sense that he believes, deep down, that the end justifies the means. Which has a somewhat messianic ring to it, after all.
To be fair, the message that he has now made clear is one that the cryptocurrency industry needs to hear. An implosion of value is, Hankir believes, virtually guaranteed if market participants can’t begin to examine their motives and methods, and adjust to fit a more normalized market model.
“We are a small startup, we cannot change the market,” says Hankir. But he is trying to lead by example — holding live Ask-Me-Anything (AMA) sessions for two hours every few weeks, inviting his constituents and stakeholders to the office, enabling community voting on certain key decisions. And of course, building the due diligence checklist he announced in his “Not An Exit Scam” video.
The responsibility for safer ICO participation, he believes, lies with the potential investors as well as the founders of the team. “People expect 5x or 10x and this is unrealistic, and they need to invest 10 minutes into looking at a whitepaper, and doing some diligence to come to a better investment decision.”
Of course these sentiments are admirable and, by any reasonable standard, correct. Words and actions are seldom perfectly synchronized, however… this ‘token price simulation’ is directly from Savedroid’s ICO website.
Savedroid SVD value projections
Regarding the ICO model, Hankir is concerned the external regulation will kill the crowdfunding model unless the industry begins to take responsibility for its own sustainability. He believes that only the creation of a self-policing entity, some kind of centralized certification organization for ICOs, will curb the excesses of the market.
“It’s binary,” he says, “It’s not like 3.4 or 4.2 out of 5… it’s one or zero. So either you get it [the certification] or you don’t get it. Once you get this, if the good quality ICOs are getting it, why is the scam ICO not getting it? And that will make investors ask questions.” Was It Worth It?
In the final analysis, it’s clear that Hankir has reflected on these events, and that he is both remorseful about the anxiety he caused his investors, and distressed by the fact that the message he sought to spread was not the focus of the coverage.
Between the lines, however, there are interesting choices of language in Hankir’s interview. Every description of the fake exit scam is as an ‘action’. Never a stunt, never a public relations exercise, always an ‘action’. Someone, it might be inferred, has taken some serious legal advice.
I can’t blame him. The prank was childish, and harmful. As Adam Selene commented to Business Insider’s Zoe Bernard, “This is not monopoly money, [Savedroid’s investors] are real people. People were panicking on Telegram. This is not funny.”
But the message — which Hankir continues to push — is on-point and worth hearing.
“The action itself, I fully admit I have to apologize, it has not been the right way to communicate — but we stick to our message that the market is way too scammy, and this needs to change or it will be unsustainable.”
It’s hard to disagree. And hey, here we are, spreading that message. Maybe it DID work, albeit with a delayed reaction?
Meanwhile, Hankir wants to get on with building his company and his product. Yassin Hankir isn’t just the guy who pulled a silly fake exit scam; he’s someone who’s advocating for a business model that many of us have found to be exciting, inclusive, and rewarding.
Maybe we should give him a mulligan… and accept his apology.
“I just want to duck below the table and say, okay, please don’t be mad at us.”
And although these parting words may represent some wishful thinking, I’m personally ready to move on.

Cryptocurrency #ICO #Blockchain #TokenSale #daico #w12 #Token #AI #coin #bonus #platform #bitcoin #ethereum #crypto #currencies #project #marketplace #cryptotrading #icoinvest #iconews #technology #platformmarket #Hankir #Scam

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What if I told you it was possible to fix the government with 3 constitutional amendments…

Would you just laugh and move on to the next link? Or, would you have the courage to consider an evolutionary form of reorganizing... would you, after reading them, be willing to vote for these amendments if I prove they fix everything you don’t like about government?
If you’re still reading this…thank you for being brave(or curious)enough to consider that such a solution is possible. I respectfully challenge each of you to read and discuss the merits of these foundational changes to the Constitution and amendments. For, the only proper way to find the right solution for this country is to grow it, from the minds and hearts of we the People. The Constitution was and is, after all, created in this very way! I have affectionately named this solution… The Rediscovery Doctrine and it begins with a new Amendment eleven.
Because, that which created all of existence, intended for all which it created to exist, and to exist as the creator intended, the foundation of any law which may be recognized by the people, shall so respect the intent of the creator. That to live in peace and balance with all that has been created, is fundamental in securing a free and prosperous future for our kind. We must recognize the obvious existence of two forces, good and evil, which, like Mother Nature, have great influence over and above our control. Thus, we must also recognize in law, the balance of these forces such that all shall be free from the control of any force other than one’s own will. It then follows that the only way for all people to be free, is for all people to understand freedom, and then agree that all are equally entitled to such.
*SECTION 1:That all beings of the Homo sapiens species shall be considered in law to have always been, and forever be, included in the original People class of this Constitution. And, that any laws contrary to such are unconstitutional actions executed under color of law.
*SECTION 2:That any and all laws throughout the history of the world which rely upon any discrimination – including, but not limited to religion, race, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, etc. – shall be considered in law to have always been, and forever be, recognized by the People of the united states of America as unlawful actions executed under color of law.
*SECTION 3:As is the obvious intent of the founders of this union, the right to work is an element of the pursuit of happiness; therefore, the fruits of one’s labor are untaxable. The people may be subcontracted to perform elements of commerce, but so long as no element of the individual’s work is being additionally subcontracted, such individual’s actions fall within their right to work.
*SECTION 1:That the Iroquois Great Law of Peace shall forever have held legal standing and precedence in its nature and intent relative to its obvious influence on the creation of this Constitution.
*SECTION 2:That all amendments after the Bill of Rights, and previous to the passing of this Amendment, shall be considered in law to have always been, and forever be, null and void; as, they are counter-intuitive to the natural law upon which this Constitution was founded.
*SECTION 3:That all People have the right to live among a society, without any obligation to act in any capacity of personage; and, that the status of being a “person” within the meaning of any law, must be proven with full findings of the facts and conclusions of law, prior enforcement.
AMENDMENT 11 INTENT: The first change I have suggested is to the preamble, because we must repair the government, not destroy it. In pursuit of that, the most important repair needed in my mind, is the resurrection of natural law as the foundation of our government. There is much debate in America these days, as to whether this is a nation whose laws are based on Christianity… it is not! It was intended to be based off of natural law, and given that Christianity also has tenants of natural law, a psychological usurpation has occurred. The framers chose to use three terms to define the natural force from which our rights are derived. They are “Laws of Nature”, “Nature’s God”, and “Creator”. These words were intentionally capitalized, meaning they are definable titles. None of which, include any reference to a specific religion in their historical application. By reestablishing the clear intent that this nation is based on natural law, we can protect all rights equally, and acknowledge the duty of our race to live in balance with the earth… and, with each other.
Article two starts by addressing class. The result of including all of our kind within the People class, is that it creates equality for all and negates the necessity for most ‘civil rights’ laws; thereby, cleaning up the legal system substantially. It further causes courts to equally protect creator endowed rights for all, while regulating corporate persons using statutory law. By nullifying any precedence in law which is based on any form of discrimination, as defined in the amendment, we can eliminate inequality in law. We then further refuse to recognize any such past law as having precedence today, thus negating things such as the Discovery Doctrine and Papal Bulls. I included this because in order to finally make right, what was wrong, we cannot continue to recognize any such laws as ever having been valid in this country... just as we can never recognize that the world has ever been flat, though it was once declared to be so by law.
The effect of this necessitates a new and open treaty between the People of the united states of America, and the sovereign First Nations of this land. As it stands, the only rights America ever had for the lease, sale, or regulation of this land, resulted from the now defunct Discovery Doctrine. Additionally, given that few, if any, Americans actually hold the patent to land they purchased, they must accept the reality that private land ownership is an illusion. As such, returning the patents to the First Nations to hold in trust–in perpetuity for the benefit of the People–will have no effective change as to one’s status of land ownership. This is not to say that the First Nations would have a plenary ability to make all land use decisions; however, laws of the united states of America must recognize the de jure rights of ultimate authority in this respect.
Next, I clarify the nature of the right to work. Though it is already strongly established in case law as a natural right under the pursuit of happiness clause in the Declaration of Independence, it is currently a very convoluted issue. Adding it to the Constitution will clearly define the ability to participate in commerce without loss of natural rights. It should be inferred that any mechanism which should be necessary to prosperity and pursuit of happiness in our society, should also become a protected right of the People.
Article three begins by clarifying Constitutional legal precedence. Though the sources that give legal precedence to our founding documents can find their roots in countries across the globe, what could be arguably considered the most important contributor is the Iroquois Great Law of Peace. Evidence of which can be found in the supporting documentation of Congressional Resolution 331 of 1988, including a side by side comparison showing the structural replication of the Great Law, within the Constitution. Just as the Magna Carta has legal precedence in law today, in respect to the intent of the Framers when including rights derived thereof, so too shall our courts look to the contributions of the Great Law of Peace when interpreting the intent of our Framers. (Congress, 1988)
Here is a basic overview of why amendments eleven through twenty-seven are not only irrelevant, but dangerous; thus, they must be considered to have never held precedence in law. By striking the eleventh we forever preserve the position of the People at the top of the hierarchy of sovereignty. By striking the twelfth, seventeenth, twentieth, twenty-fourth, and twenty-sixth amendments, we protect the People from obscurities being used to subvert the power of the People’s vote. Also, we have restructured the voting process to be within the absolute control of the People, eliminating any relevance of these amendments. By striking the thirteenth, fifteenth, and nineteenth, we remove laws which have become unnecessary as a result of including all of our kind in the People class. By striking the fourteenth, we remove the ultimate mechanism upon which, a complete usurpation of the People’s rights was constructed. This amendment is unnecessary for the protection of the People’s rights, as its original intent was to create a new subject class for freed slaves, so as to maintain the legal superiority of the white man. By striking the sixteenth, eighteenth, and twenty-first, we remove laws that have become unnecessary, as they apply to and are dependent upon the existence of the fourteenth amendment. By striking the twenty-third amendment, we eliminate a law which is no longer necessary, because People who live within the boundaries of the District of Columbia, as detailed in the Residence Act of 1790, maintain voting rights within their respective states.
Additionally, by eliminating all earlier amendments, which follow the tenth, we also eliminate the IRS. This will repeal the current taxing system, as it is the same one that allowed for the fruits of our labor to be taxed under color of law. In its original form, the tax structure is such that corporate profits are solely liable for the tax burden; and, the Peoples participation as consumers in the economy effectively causes them to ‘pay taxes’. This further results in a far more efficient taxing system, and protects the People’s rights from being taxed in the future. By eliminating the previous eleventh Amendment, we stop it from ever again being misconstrued in law. This singular misconstruction was one of the key foundations upon which the power of the People was subverted and usurped. A law review by Randy E. Barnett – titled The people or the state? Chisholm V. Georgia and Popular Sovereignty (Barnett, 2007)–explains the original hierarchy of sovereignty, and the ill-fated effect of the misinterpretation of the previous eleventh amendment. (SupremeCourt, CHISHOLM v. STATE OF GA, 1793., 2 U.S. 419) The original intent of the previous eleventh amendment allowed the states to claim sovereign immunity against claims brought by citizens of another state. However, we must ask ourselves… should a group of sovereign People, simply because they are greater in number, be able to avoid the consequences of breaching a contract or violating a right of one of the People? This amendment was later construed by the supreme court in such a way that it became the foundation, which allowed for the fourteenth amendment to usurp the rights of all People. By converting people into ‘persons’ they became recognized in law as legally created entities, entitled only to the privileges granted by the sovereign authority. The U.S. Citizen is a class of its own, separate from the People class. The Privileges and Immunities granted to U.S. Citizens specifically do not include the rights protected under the first ten amendments. (SupremeCourt, Twining v. New Jersey, 211 US 78, 98-99, 1908). In law, the court cannot recognize you if you are not a “Person”. In criminal matters, when you sign the paper saying you understand your constitutional rights, you are saying that you are a U.S. Citizen and tacitly agree that the Bill of Rights are not protections which you can claim in this venue.
Finally, I address the issue of personage. The blanket application of this term, to all People, was orchestrated through the creation of the fourteenth amendment U.S. Citizen… which is by definition a “person”. The U.S. Citizen never existed prior to the creation of this Amendment. Also in law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Person is employed in jurisprudence in opposition to the word man (homo), and considers only the state of the man, or the part he plays in society, without considering the individual. (Browne, 1873) In the context of the current law, we are considered a person as a U.S. Citizen, and the privileges granted by the 14th Amendment specifically exclude the rights protected under the Bill of Rights. So, when we exercise our right to go get food from a store, and walk along a sidewalk, we are considered in law to be a ‘natural person’. This refers to Homo sapiens acting in the capacity of a ‘person’, which is always defined in law as a ‘Corporation’ or other ‘legal entity’.
For example, if the police decide to use the wording of a law as an excuse to harass you and subvert what should be your protected rights, they do so because they do not legally recognize those rights, as you are a person and not a People. This singular legal trick, which made minorities and women believe they had protected rights, ultimately became the mechanism by which everyone’s rights were exchanged for the privileges of personage. By bringing all of our kind within the People class, and clearly defining their right not to be considered a person in law, except by contract, all rights will be restored to the People of this land by default. In addition, with the repeal of the eleventh Amendment, which restores Chisholm v. Georgia’s legal precedence of the hierarchy of sovereignty, we will instantly regain ultimate control as a People, over all government and corporations.
*SECTION 1:For the purpose of ensuring true representation of the People, within the united states of America, this constitution shall secure the following truths in law in regard to the People’s right to vote: *I.That the right of the People to vote is a natural right, and therefore it may not be regulated or taxed. *II.That the minimum age upon which one is recognized by law to be competent to engage in contracts, shall be the minimum age upon which one shall be recognized as having the right to vote. *III.All elements of the election process shall be fully controlled by popular vote of the People. *IV.All positions in government, by which appointment is determined by election, shall be decided solely by popular vote of the people. *V.All votes of the People shall be hand counted.
*SECTION 2:Each elected position of the united states of America, and within each individual State, shall consist of three equal elected officials, as follows: *I.Two People of different gender, as representatives for the united states of America; and, *II.One People as a representative of the several independent and sovereign indigenous nations of this land.
*SECTION 3:All elected officials shall execute only the will of the People, within the bounds of the constitution, without consideration of any other interest, including but not limited to, parties, factions, corporations, foreign nations, etc.
*SECTION 4:The People have the right to petition to hold a special vote at any time, in order to remove any agent of their government; vacate any action of government; or compel any government agent to perform an action. Such a vote shall require a sixty percent majority of the voting populace to pass, and may not be overturned, except by another vote of a sixty percent majority of the voting populace.
*SECTION 5:Any law, which creates term limits, is void.
*SECTION 6:All judicial positions of all jurisdictions within the united states of America, shall be determined by popular vote of the People.
*SECTION 7:Only tax revenue may be used for promoting elections. Any resource donated or otherwise designated for the purposes of promoting elections, candidates, or the likes thereof, shall be distributed equally within the specific class to which such resources have been designated. Any other form of influence in the election process, resulting from an exchange which may be regulated by law, shall be considered to be treason against the People of the united states.
ARTICLE 2:PROSPERITY AND WELFARE The following truths shall be recognized as essential elements of the prosperity and welfare of this nation:
*SECTION 1:That we the People, are dependent upon maintaining balance within the ecosystem provided by the creator, for the purposes of sustaining all life.
*SECTION 2:That the good health of this nation is essential to maintain security, prosperity, and provide for the general welfare of the People. It is therefore evident that universal healthcare must be provided to all People, without prejudice.
*SECTION 3:That all knowledge comes from the creator, and therefore can only be discovered by the People; therefore,
*I.The right to use of any knowledge by the people or any person shall not be restricted, except as is necessary to secure the rights of the People.
*II.For the protection of discoveries used for commercial purposes, any rights to such discoveries protected under law, shall be guaranteed a royalty for such use, as prescribed by law.
*III.Because discoveries strengthen the economy and defense of this nation, access to formal education and all public knowledge shall be made available to the People. As such, and because truth is essential to preventing the corruption and usurpation of individual sovereign rights, a full accounting of the facts in history shall be forever made available to the People.
*SECTION 4:Whereas, history has shown that poverty serves only to weaken a nation, and to guarantee a stable economy for all future generations, the following truths shall be recognized as essential elements of maintaining the prosperity of this nation:
*I.There shall be established an open source digital treasury.
*II.All assets and intellectual property of the united states of America shall be considered to be “money”, which shall be reflected within the open source digital treasury.
*III.All People shall be entitled to a “Tax Royalty”, which shall be unalienable, and derived from a percentage of all taxes collected, as defined by the People of each taxing authority in or within the united states of America. * a.Only People whom shall have voted in at least sixty percent of elections, from which taxing authority their royalty is derived, shall have the right to claim Tax Royalties. * b.Until such a time as the aforementioned Tax Royalty model is implemented, each taxing authority shall provide an equal percentage of their revenue, in order to provide a combined total dividend equivalent to one ounce of gold, to which all voting age People shall be entitled.
*IV.Basic housing shall be made available for the entire population.
*V.The right of the People, to live off the land, cultivate agriculture, or raise livestock, shall not be restricted or interfered with by government policy, except as dictated by land use rights.
*SECTION 5:No People or person may profit from performing any function of government.
*SECTION 6:No corporation, partnership, or other legal entity may perform the functions of government.
AMENDMENT 12 INTENT: I begin with a comprehensive election correction. It has come to be that the vote of the People has been usurped through color of law, and by financial interests not of the People. This has occurred, because the right to vote is not secured and protected for any group of citizens in this country.>“In Minor v Happersett, 21 Wall. 178,22 L. ed. 627, We decided that the Constitution of the US has not conferred the right to suffrage upon anyone, and that the united states have no voters of their own creation in the states… From this it appears that the right of suffrage is not a necessary attribute of national citizenship, but that exemption from discrimination in the exercise of that right on account of race, etc., is. The right to vote in the states comes from the states, but the right of exemption from the prohibited discrimination comes from the United States. The first has not been granted or secured by the Constitution of the United States, but the last has been. The fifteenth amendment is therefore a limitation upon the powers of the states in the execution of their otherwise unlimited right to prescribe the qualification of voters in their own elections…”< (Company, 1915) It’s illogical to deduce that the state, which could not exist without the People having voted it into existence, could have the authority to dictate the nature of that which created it. Therefore, it becomes necessary to establish the sovereign right to vote, as a creator endowed right.
Equating the voting age, with the age at which contracts become binding, we ensure equal representation is never denied to anyone based upon age. If one can be held amenable to a contract, one has the right to vote in the system which regulates that contract. Furthermore, the power of our vote is restored by eliminating any ‘middle man’ in the entire voting process. That is to say, popular vote will decide all elements of who runs for office, where voting occurs, who is appointed, etc. Combined with a hand counting process, we ensure that who we want to perform certain functions of government, remains fully within the purview of the People.
Regardless of race or religion, one commonality of discrimination occurs among most colonized nations, and that is regarding women as having fewer rights based on gender. The importance of balance between men and women in power was the cornerstone to success for the Great Law of Peace. Given that the population is approximately half men and half women, ensuring that each elected position has one of each, is the best way to maintain equality in government. By further allowing for Native representation within the government, we ensure their ability to take part in decisions which effect their rights and security, while maintaining U.S. jurisdiction over military, police, commerce, etc.
Allowing for the People to petition for a special vote to remove any government agent or vacate any government action, guarantees that if and when corruption flares up… we can put it out immediately. In conjunction with having three People for each elected position, removing laws which create term limits will allow for the People best suited for the job, to continue making America a better place. By causing all judges to be appointed by election of the People, we protect the People and persons from court decisions being persuaded by the interests of a small group.
To protect us from ever again allowing interests, other than that of the People, from influencing governmental policy, we must ensure equality within the elections process. The only way to do that is to recognize that such erosion of this core principle will ultimately result in Treason against the People. Thus, we must ensure that only the taxing agency, of any given election, may be authorized to provide the resources for this process. This guarantees that equal distribution of resources will be provided throughout all elections, and to all willing candidates.
Article two begins by addressing prosperity and welfare. Recognizing the essential elements of both, are necessary to our society, just as was the Bill of Rights when they were written. This is not because they are not already obvious, but rather to clarify for the government, its resulting obligations. Never before has it been more obvious that we as a People, need to come together to once again create balance within our ecosystem. There is no question that we as a species are dependent upon such balance. And further, to make such a claim that it is our right to do whatever we want on this planet, so long as we maintain the necessary power to do so, is absurd on its face. It is equivalent to saying that we have the right to exterminate life which we are dependent upon, and which the creator intended to exist. Clearly, we have neither the moral right, nor the land use rights to live in such a selfish, short sighted manner.
It is evident that a universal health care system can operate efficiently. And, without such a system, we cannot maintain the good health of this nation, which is essential to our security and innovation. Physical and mental well-being obviously increases one’s capacity to gain knowledge, and the opposite, when extrapolated, would result in a less educated populous. An efficient, free healthcare system is an investment in the economic stability of this nation.
No one can claim to have created any knowledge, unless they claim to have created all of existence. Knowledge is instead a result of exploration of nature, and therefore no one may claim exclusive ownership thereof. This truth creates a conflict with current patent laws, which have caused innovation to become stifled by financial interests. This occurs through a patent system, which keeps the People from being able to implement important discoveries, such as lifesaving technologies. Furthermore, by allowing for financial incentive under the current system, powerful corporations can use their resources to lock up knowledge and sue others for discovering and implementing the same knowledge. Further, we create a pool of knowledge from upon which everybody can draw, and the original inventors are provided a guarantee to the fruits of their labor.
It is apparent that when People lack knowledge, their security and ability to create, succumb to the jeopardy of evil interests whom possess more knowledge. Therefore, we must once again become the beacon of knowledge among the world. Let it be known to all, the full truth of history. For, if we hide the truth and rewrite history, then we cannot protect ourselves from the elaborate schemes of evil. We must not only fully examine truth and knowledge but also make it equally accessible to all of our People. Access to knowledge shall be provided to the people without regard to socio economic status, as this is an investment in the future productivity of this nation.
Still, there is one more mechanism that must be put into place to ensure poverty is forever eradicated. And, so that no financial interest of any size shall ever have the power to gridlock our economy and recreate poverty, we must implement the People’s Tax Royalty. This mechanism equates to profit sharing for the People, and it creates great incentive for everyone to participate in our economy and voting process. By guaranteeing everybody who votes at least sixty percent of the time, a percentage of the profits taxed, they become motivated to actively run their own government efficiently. The more tax surplus created by an efficient government, the more wealth the People individually gain. If they overregulate the corporations, they also serve to stifle their own economy. It follows then, that the more money the People get from their efficient regulation, the more money goes back into the economy.
With the economy in full control of the People, we must then protect ourselves from international bankers attempting to create any future, fiat money systems. By moving to a Bitcoin like digital currency backed by all the combined assets of this country, we will have a transparent banking system backed and operated by and for the People. No other interest may then ever again usurp our economy or rights, through such entities as a Federal Reserve or World Bank. All loans are by the People, and all interests are paid to the People. Banks are intended to secure money, thereby allowing for the free exchange thereof, so there is no need for a middle man to loan us our own money.
If private investors want to loan money to an individual or business, then that is the prerogative of those parties. This is a fundamental function of a healthy economy that allows for businesses and People to prosper. However, if the same investors wish to loan the government money, then we must examine why we would again allow ourselves to become dependent upon interests, which serve to gain at the expense of the People. In a loan of necessity, the gain of one… is the loss of another. Should a financial entity have such a surplus of wealth, as to be able to offer a loan to the People, why then would we not raise the funds by increasing taxes on those same entities. For, the privilege to gain powerful wealth in our economy, is not only granted by the People, but also necessitates the financial obligation of such entities, towards all infrastructure needed to facilitate that privilege. In addition, if such a loan is offered by a foreign interest, then we must closely examine the true intent of that ‘offer’. When an entity has that much power, and the will of the People necessitates the need for resources, then the People can simply increase tariffs on imports from the nations where such interests are based. Through these mechanisms, any revenue which would have been obtained at a loss through a loan, shall now be attained through the mutually beneficial, symbiotic relationship between People and corporate entities. This will create a self-sustaining, stable economy that benefits all humanity.
There is no question that we have the capacity as a nation to eliminate hunger and homelessness. Furthermore, eliminating homelessness reduces public health concerns, and allows for those less fortunate to prosper and participate productively in society. It has been proven many times over, that housing the homeless costs the tax payers less than leaving them homeless. There already exists enough housing inventory to provide shelter to all of the People. We the People have a right to use homes for shelter, over the right of private interests to leave such homes vacant for purposes of making profit. By default of this combination of amendments, laws created to restrict agricultural growth, for the purposes of maintaining higher food and resource prices, are nullified. It also allows for such resources to remain accessible to the People. These types of land use decisions will generally remain exclusive to the First Nations, upon whom it will be incumbent to regulate our ecosystem back to good health. By establishing this mechanism, we will find that food and housing can be very affordable for all.
It has become clear that the ability to profit from the functions of government, will always allow for corruption and greed. Therefore, it becomes necessary to eliminate the potential for this abuse altogether. This is accomplished by restricting the ability of corporations, partnerships, and other legal entities from performing the functions of government. Wherein, we eliminate the potential loopholes that allow a person to profit from the functions of government, without directly performing them. Some examples of this are prisons for profit, privatized education, privatized military agencies, privatized public defense and prosecution, etc.
*SECTION 1:For the purposes of protecting all of the People on this land, investigation and prosecution of corruption within government, shall be of the highest priority for the executive branch.
*SECTION 2:All penalties under law, which have been imposed on People for such actions which would otherwise be lawful under the common law, shall be immediately vacated and expunged. All People who have been penalized by law, for actions which would otherwise be unlawful under the common law, shall be immediately entitled to review and appeal of such penalties. In such an instance, all jurisdiction and penalties of law shall remain in effect for these individuals, until such a time that their case shall have been fully reviewed under the correct structure of law.
*SECTION 1:Whereas ones actions may have been executed under color of law, and in violation of rights or in breach of a contractual obligation, full immunity shall be granted for any People or person who shall enter into the P.R.O.M.P.T. Compact.
*I.PROTECTION * a.All parties to this compact, are exempt from prosecution for any violation of rights or breach of contract committed under color of law. * b.Personal protection from retribution for participating in this compact, shall be provided as prescribed by law to be necessary.
*II.RESTITUTION * a.Determination of community service, asset forfeiture, or any other form of restitution, shall be within the plenary control of the presiding court.
*III.OBLIGATIONS * a.All parties shall cooperate with full transparency and honesty during any investigation of unlawful actions. * b.All parties shall remain compliant with the provisions of the P.R.O.M.P.T. compact, until such time as they are relieved of such obligation, as prescribed by law.
*IV.MONITORING * a.As to the extent and period of time which any party to this compact shall be monitored, shall be within the plenary control of the presiding court.
*V.PROVISIONS * a.Any violation of the provisions of this compact, shall result in the loss of immunity from prosecution and the removal of all protections granted.
*VI.TREATMENT * a.All parties found to have committed violations of rights or breach of contracts under color of law, shall be subject to mental health evaluation; and, the presiding court shall have plenary control in deciding conditions of treatment necessary to ensure the protection of others from such actions in the future.
For the purposes of maintaining honesty and integrity within all levels of government, and to ensure the interests and rights of the People are never threatened or usurped… no other priority shall rise above investigation and prosecution of corruption within government.
Given that these collective amendments have reestablished the common law, all non-commercial ‘crimes’ are nullified by the fact, that such crimes were prosecuted under statutory law. Statutory law is established for the purposes of regulating commerce and government. The common law is the establishment of the collective consensus of the law of the land throughout history, for the exclusive purpose of securing our rights against trespass. In an instance where an individual was in possession of ‘illegal drugs’ for personal use, they would have committed no crime under the common law. By retroactively negating recognition of unjust laws, we nullify any prosecutorial action taken against such an individual.
Some would argue that the State has the right to outlaw drugs because of the overall negative effect on the welfare of the nation. However, that notion comes from the current structure of our government. Under common law, an individual’s right to use a drug can only be regulated if that particular individual’s drug use, contributed to their criminal behavior. From the perspective of common law, you cannot extrapolate the actions of a few to justify the restriction of the rights of the many. Because drug use is common among all cultures, it has foundation to be considered an individual right within common law. In comparison, this concept cannot be extrapolated to establish that the government has no right to regulate one’s ability to develop weapons of mass destruction, just because they have not committed a crime. In this regard we the People clearly have the right to regulate the extent to which we may bear arms, insofar as it becomes a threat to our own security. It is essentially a balance that works well when the People’s vote, ultimately determines such thresholds. Far too often, determination of such decisions is left to a small group of ‘representatives’, who simply by their sheer number, cannot possess the capacity to make such a profound and fundamental decision for the People as a whole.
Next, we explore the P.R.O.M.P.T. compact’s intent. It is vital to understand the importance of immunity under the P.R.O.M.P.T. Compact, and rise above anger and the desire for revenge against those who committed crimes under color of law. Some examples of such crimes would be torture, illegal war, corporate involvement in our financial crisis, police violence, etc. This can be a hard pill to swallow, but is absolutely necessary in order for all other elements of these amendments to come to fruition. This is because, with the cooperation of those who committed these acts, we will finally know all the inner workings of the most erosive system of corruption in the history of this nation. This will allow us to protect ourselves from such corruption in the future. We will have all rights to seize assets, and monitor these People as prescribed by law, but we must offer protection in order to gain cooperation.
It is also important to understand that evil is the source of corruption and it is above the capacity mankind to remove this force from nature. From there, we must understand that such a man as George W. Bush, for example, has probably never possessed the capacity or environment to participate in any other behavior but evil. These types of People have no choice but to be collusive in evil behavior, and under our current structure, prosecution of one would open the door to the same for all alike. However, this would literally result in a complete governmental and financial collapse, due to the vast amount of corruption which currently exists. In truth, these types of People are actually the most oppressed of us all, hence the severely deviant behavior. We therefore, must consider their circumstances and offer treatment and reprieve. Such deep seeded corruption within an individual is a result of addiction to power. We must treat this addiction! Just like one cannot quit cold turkey, as a heavily addicted alcohol or heroin user, the same goes for addiction to power. We must nurture these People back to good mental health, and provide them with the opportunity to gain forgiveness for their trespasses.
Works Cited Barnett, R. E. (2007).The People of the State?:Chisholm v.Georgia and Popular Sovereignty.(S.@.Law, Ed.)Georgetown University Law Center,32.
Browne, W. H. (1873).Law of Trade-Marks.In W. H. Browne,A Treatise on the Law of Trade-marks and Analogous Subjects (pp. 194-195).
Company, L. C.-o.(1915).Karemv.United States;Circut Court of Appeals.In B. A. Rich (Ed.),The Lawyers Reports Annotated,Volumes 61-62, pp.440-441.Rochester,NY: Lawyers' Co-operative Publishing Company.
Congress,U.(1988).100th Congress 2nd Session.Retrieved Feb 10,2015,from
SupremeCourt. (1793., 2 U.S. 419).CHISHOLM v.STATE OF GA.Retrieved Feb 15,2015, from Findlaw for legal professionals:
Twining v.New Jersey,211 US 78,98-99,211 U.S.78(US Supreme Court Nov 9,1908).
submitted by TruthSeekersNation to TrueAskReddit [link] [comments]

[Table] IAmA: We Are A Blackmarket Internet Vendor that's sold over SR, BMR, and survived throughout! AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2013-11-11
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
What is your views on 2.0? Will you be waiting to set up shop on there? Also, do you have confidence in the administration to run a safe market? We are staying far from it. They were supposed to be a decentralized open source platform that ran on .onion and .2ip. They claimed they would release their source code open source.
As of now they have yet to deliver on some of the fundamental framework they (claimed) to be setting up.
They also rely heavily on the fact ehy were SR Admins - they are not Silk Road admins. They are the forum moderators, which have very little if nothing to do with the actual Silk Road backend.
They post a picture of the FBI SR bust is just a sign that they are immature and trying to "poke" LEO.
They have failed to address the fact that their staff should be highly scrutinized with the recent flips, but they do not seemed concerned.
Lastly they claim to be professional yet are trying to roll out a un-developed platform - the admin is actively changing the code as he releases new features as some do not work as intended.
This is SR2.0 - why no testing? Why so eager to roll it out undeveloped? Why stagger features claiming it to be to control traffic yet they are resorting to changing fundamental site coding.
We are staying far away from the major markets for the time being.
Also I don't know how you can say the developers are being unprofessional when your landing page directs users to connect to your site via tor proxy. Our .com landing page has our direct .onion and .i2p as well as a .to proxy that is highly advised against.
I believe there was always a silent developer besides DPR on the old silk road team, while what I say is conjecture I think it's not fair to say "they are not Silk Road admins." Apologies, we did mix up the two. The points remains that the admins were not admins of the site but rather moderators.
Well put. Single developer that is slightly misguided. He wants to release 24/7 video streaming over .i2p and .onion and does not seem to know how to remain bandwidth efficient. This includes "situations that are not conspiracy theories" which seem to us like they may be broadcasting conspiracy theories as well. Aside from that they do seem promising although they do need a redesign on their site and subreddit.
How about /silkroadreloaded.
Please show where sr 2.0 said it was going to be 'a decentralized open source platform that ran on .onion and .2ip. They claimed they would release their source code open source.' We mixed up 2.0 and reloaded to some extent, apologies. Original statement corrected.
If it's highly advised against then why do you supply it? We don't supply it, it's a proxy extension. It will work with any .onion site.
We offer the link because simply visiting our site is not illegal, the backend does not log any data, and orders have the option of being placed through PGP encrypted email separate of the site.
Last question, what market in your opinion holds the most promise? Bad wolf? Bad Wolf.
The Marketplace.
Link to bad wolf? They are still developing their site(s) but they have a subreddit at /badwolfhosting
Did you had any legal issues envolving those transactions or were some members of your staff busted by the police? Are you affraid that someday that might be an issue? We had no legal issues from the bust as we were on vacation (we cashed out our BTC bank to buy more grow equipment, increasing our yield) and received news of the SR bust 3 months into our vacation. Needless to say we were relieved.
None of our staff have ever had any legal issues related to this operation.
We are concerned about possible future issues involving staff, however the group we have is reliant on each other and has equal involvement. There are very few situations where one member of our staff would have to rely on releasing confidential information as we have moved completely away from domestic transport (non-blackmarket) sales.
How do you see the future of the drugs business, do you think this will become the go to method for selling and buying drugs? The future is quite promising as long as people that use these services start practicing personal security. This is absolutely the best, safest, and the future go to way for drugs.
While you do trade off convenience for anonymity and less risk, you also usually end up with a better product as well.
Why is everything so damned expensive? Our products or blackmarket items in general?
How do you vet your new staff? Ever turned down someone on a gut instinct? We have two types of staff - the ones that physically know each other are as close as family (quite literally), and we have very no personal staff that we question beyond the normal capacity (we are blackmarket vendors, we all get overly paranoid sometimes).
As far as remote staff, we simply maintain anonymity and make sure that no information is given that could ID us. These are mostly just IT outsourcing for data entry or small scripts.
We have turned down several members that have either accepted a job or those that simple message us asking if we need staff. Most of these have been blatant LEO.
LEO. Law Enforcement Officers
If you don't mind me asking, how much profit did you acquire?
Simply investing $5,600 in BTC when they were around $10 and selling at around $190 made us $110,000 - and this was entirely legal (although the actual amount received was much lower, to the amount of around 70%).
As of 6 months ago we had 1,270BTC total transaction over both sites. This equates to, at the current market rate of $320 per BTC, an amount of $406,400. However, we traded when they were multiple rates so the actual amount is closer to $200,000 in the last year.
DO you save your money to invest in your operation or do you save and spend on luxurious items? We save for business ventures, although paying 4 staff makes it considerably less per person.
Why? How can you feel so safe when you promote yourself like this? (actual question, not rhetorical) We do not expose ourselves in any way, and assume that in any possibility exists of data leaks then we assume that data compromised.
We use TOR and I2P over VPN. For some applications we use TOR over I2P over VPN.
We always use PGP encryption, and have native live encryption for all of our terminals.
Lastly cops are not our concern, intelligence agencies are. Despite the view on Law Enforcement we (in our own view) support our local law enforcement in our area (not suggesting all police departments are as fine and to the books as ours), so we don't have the "We Hate Cops" attitude - they are simply doing their job and are the lower level of enforcement.
When you say "TOR Over I2P over VPN" do you mean that you combine them or do you just prefer to use TOR and I2P on different situations. And thanks for doing this AMA. In extreme situations we connect to a VPN, then connect to I2p, then configure TOR to run through I2P.
By making this thread and reddit account i assume you could still not be traced? Of course not.
How do you justify using VPN after the NSA PowerPoint came out and revealed a few dozen of the top VPNs were already compromised, back in 2007 or so. Do you just ignore the threat of intelligence agencies and hope they wouldn't risk exposing "parallel investigations" to bust you? We are not effected as we only use private VPN's.
Do you feel like what your business does is ethical? Do you thinnk law enforcers trying to catch you are in the wrong? We do feel it is ethical. We don't supply anything other than cannabis, a drug that has been proven time and time again to not be the horrible substance as portrayed by 1930's culture. We take to a more modern culture in the belief (and supporting scientific evidence) that while cannabis does has negative side effects, it's positive side effect outnumber the bad effects significantly.
THC and CBN can not only shrink but help prevent some cancer growth.
CBD is a natural pain reliever. Just CBD does not get one "high".
The Law Enforcement are absolutely in the right. We do not expect even a LEO that may side with us to have that effect his job. We are doing something blatantly illegal in US jurisdiction ad we expect nothing less than them doing their job as required.
While we are not open about this business, we do support our local Police Department in events as they have a generally "by the books" reputation compared to some more corrupt areas.
What do you mean you "support our local Police Department in events?" Monetarily? If so, why? How does this benefit you? Our local PD still has police events/charities/fundraisers.
Great food and upstanding charitable members of the community are not suspected of international trafficking.
By "Great food" do you mean Los Pollos Hermanos? We believe that's reserved for DEA charities.
How do you export your 'goods' safely across the world without them being intercepted? private shipping companies? or do you only supply nationally and use private mailing companies such as fedex? United States Postal Service & meticulously careful packaging.
USPS requires a warrant to search, and with the recent bankruptcy of USPS they are even lower staffed than ever.
With a mix of around $10 spent on packaging alone (not postage) we make sure no orders are detectable.
I am wanting to order from one of these types of sites, but I am worried about the receiving end, and the risks. What can you say to alleviate those concerns? First, always research your vendor. All the security in the world doesn't matter if the end recipient is untrusted.
That being said, always use PGP. Never send messages without encryption.
If you are concerned with your home address being shipped to then we've never had issues with PO boxes, just make sure a signature is not required.
Never order to a fake name, vacant address, or large distributed mailing centers such as dorm rooms.
Why is it a bad idea to order to a fake name? After all, there's plausible deniability either way. USPS keeps a constantly updated address database. If the name doesn't match the address you run the risk of a package being flagged.
Why do you ship bud? Is it for the money? Ethics or some other personal reason? Money for sure. Locally we can sell cannabis for around $10 a gram, however we would much rather keep a streamlines anonymous exportation plan rather than deal on the "streets".
I'm guessing you're from a state that has legal medicinal bud at the very least, so why not go legit and sell to dispensaries and/or other legal persons? Sure, the money may not be as great, but you lose a lot of risk of LE busting you. On a side note, what kind of money do you make legally vs illegally? $1000 per pound more when you sell online? I'm curious. We make around 25% to 40% more selling online. We feel that the risk is worth the benefits.
If drugs were legalized, would you see that as ultimately a good thing or a bad thing for your business? Good. Cannabis sales don't seem to be hurt as much as harder drug trades.
How does shipping work? (Of course I don't expect you to reveal your secrets, maybe an example of how it could look like hypothetically) Multiple layers of mylar and vacuum seal, opaque layers, and false items.
Was any of your packages ever discovered before reaching it's destination? In our individual days we had a few intercepted, but this was before we were even selling online. We have since improved very much.
At that point, doesn't the government try to arrest you? No, they don't have any information. No fingerprints, biological material, legit but false return address, anonymous tracking.
What's BMR? Black Market Reloaded.
Can you talk about how common it is for your customers to encrypt their address when they message you? What proportion of your customers would PGP encrypt ordering instructions, and what percentage would send you their address in cleartext? About 10% of customers encrypt their address. That's why we implemented automatic encryption on our order form.
Would it be likely that anyone who had a plaintext shipping address in a dealer's inbox when the cops imaged the SR server had their address compromised? Absolutely. You'd be surprised how many based on our personal experience, there are a large amount of buyers that are probably quite nervous at the time.
How did you get into all of this (deep web?)? One of our members was a technically oriented individual that was looking into Bitcoins as a means to invest in our grow operation. We were a couple hours away from going to CVS to drop off money for BTC when we stumbled across the alternate BTC uses - including Silk Road.
From there we bought an account next day, and started probing everything we could about the site trying to prove it was a scam or LEO.
When we couldn't, we started vending. The first week was one of the only times we came too prepared - we expected 4 pounds and got around a quarter pound ordered our first week, grams and 8ths.
The second week we met 2 pounds and had enough to establish our "lifetime goal".
Over the last 2 years we have seem over 1000 BTC in sales, markets rise and fall, over 2000 unique customers an over 3000 unique shipments, 1,293 PGP keys (although most are not longer valid for contact as they use tormail), and almost enough cannabis to fill up a deuce and a half.
What do vendors do when a package gets lost? Has this ever happened to you? Refund. The return address isn't our address so no worries on us being busted.
We hd a few packages get lost before we were online vendors.
I guess by implication this means you write a return address on the package, presumably to avoid raising suspicions?? if so - what sort of address?? Every package should have a return address, not putting a return address is a very obvious flag.
Whose address do you use? Are you using a real person's address, someone not connected with your website? If so, don't you feel guilty that you might get them into trouble? Always use a legitimate return address, never a fake one.
But is it yours (or someone connected with your business), or someone else's? The return address is a valid address that checks out with USPS by comparison of the name and address. False return addresses can flag a package.
Okay, you're clearly using someone else's address, since you won't give me a straight answer. I don't agree with you doing that; if you did that to me and a package were opened, I would lose my professional licence. You are asking a blackmarket vendor about specific address details and where they ship their items from, no reputable vendor would give you a detailed answer.
That being said, the return addressee is not liable as every single vendor uses a return address that is not theirs.
Do you expect us to use our personal business address?
I used to use a vendor in Holland until shipments failed to show. Are your customers protected against this and if so how? That experience put me off buying from nets- although I'm thinking about having another go. Do you ship to Europe? We do ship to Europe, we offer tracking and if the tracking indicates a package does not arrive we send an automatic refund after 12 days or at request. We previously offered reshipments on BMR and SR, however we found that often it is simply a logistics problem that cannot be fixed by a reship.
Whats your grow set up like and are you planning any breeding projects so you could sell your own specific strains? Eb And Flow with drip ring setup, (16) 10 gallon grow containers per 55 gallon reservoir. All natural nutrients used, chilled and decontaminated water (we have water table issues in our area), redundant water pumps and overflow prevention.
Each system (pumps, electricity, sensors) are redundant in at least 2 counts, meaning if one pump or sensor fails there is always a second to take over.
In the event of a power outage we have a manually started 10,000W generator for extended power failures.
We have 2 separate buildings for sativa and indica, with one having a large amount of floorspace and low overhead, and the other having massive overhead for tall plants. Feminized seeds means we don't have to worry as much about isolation.
We primarily run a sea of green with 40 - 60 plants at any given time (overall, not harvesting) and around 10-30 plants in their own cycles.
Thats an awesome sounding setup man, you quite obviously know very much what you are doing, do you plan to ever go 'legit' so to say? We are Caregivers in our state, we just don't let our patients or the State onto our "extra" plants. All products are either grown by us or another state approved medical facility.
EDIT: Caregivers are not registered in any way. Caregivers are not state registered dispensaries/growers, they are not doctors - they are normal people who grow cannabis in a legal state.
We are legitimate Caregivers in our state. Yes, to the already obvious cannabis friendly state. Beyond that caregivers are not registered - growers and dispensaries are but caregivers are not and can be nearly anyone, they just have to grow cannabis.
Doesn't that narrow down your location some? We are not a business, state registered dispensary, or state registered grower.
Do they not question how you made X amount of money per year with no real/legal job listed? We claim all money made and pay the appropriate taxes, although we do have cash reserves that we do not claim.
Do your parents know? :) Of course not.
Do you keep your customers data? (shipping address, bitcoin address, etc, ) If so why and how do you keep it safe? Temporarily yes. Our order form stores orders until we delete them or if no action is taken in 14 days. All stored data is encrypted via PGP, and upon package arrival all information is destroyed.
We do keep customers emails for future reference with repeat customers.
Would you ever do it again? We never stopped, we just made our own vendor store.
How do you see yourselves as different from other established clearnet cannabis websites such as We ship both to the USA and internationally ( does not ship to US, Sweden, or Norway) and use an encrypted form of hosting.
Why dont you see BMR as one of the top upcoming prospects..? backopy already proved loyalty by refunding all BTC when the site was taken down, due to a potential security flaw. Don't get us wrong, the vendors can be A+ on BMR however the fact that backopy A) Used a VPS to reduce amount of work B) Chose a unreliable VPS and C) never address the amateur coding issue.
Since we got the root we have since distanced ourselves as we saw that it was relatively insecure coding from what the index page indicated.
What are some of the legal problems your customers face? Have you had any reports on these? We've never had any reports of customers that have legal issues regarding our services.
How do you ship out 10lbs a week without alerting authorities? I understand if you can't go in depth here but any attempt at an answer would be appreciated :) We have never shipped 10 pounds at once - everything is quarter pounds to pounds. We simply make sure we can drop it off anonymously (dropbox or blue bin).
How long does that free shipping take domestically? Generally 3 days, however it can take up to 5 days.
What are your views on the sheep marketplace? Out of the major markets (SR, BMR, SMP) it's the best looking and, from what we can tell, has the best coding. That being said it is still a unstable site and many, many people widely regard it to be a honeypot.
We've sold on there before (previous to SR bust, not under same alias), it's not all too bad but we feel that it's simply trying to compete with BMR (and then SR) with it's features.
I understand the honeypot concept but surely if vendors move BTC daily out of the site then all they've lost is the vendor fee. Why do you believe its called a honeypot? Most answers seem to be because its called sheep. Honeypot means Law Enforcement Sting.
Yes i understand that, but if vendors and customers are safe then they have nothing to worry about. Im wondering why sheep is regarded as a honeypot. The only answer i have seen is because of the name 'sheep'. Why do you believe its a honeypot? Out of curiosity could you link us the discussions where these assumptions were based off of the site name?
Heres a few on reddit - Link to It seems most are simply speculation, and most arguments are literally because the sites name is sheep.
The reason for my questions are that I am considering heavy investment in becoming a vendor myself, so I am weighing up my options as to which is the most suitable marketplace. Thanks for your answers so far. The downside to sheep is that it is a foreign hosted site (India) and support can be a bit touchy, but otherwise if you use PGP for orders you shouldn't run any risk.
Interesting how did you find its hosted from india? Linguistics from Support.
Is it possible to insert packets of malware into Tor, as it is being downloaded? It would be quite hard if the end user validates the download. Download spoofing would be a more likely malicious method.
Bad wolf. We heavily expected a Dr. Who reference.
Just because you intercept a package doesn't mean you know where it came from. A single intercept also does not warrant a warrant.
Yes, that was a ridiculously stupid thing to say. There is more than enough information in this thread to narrow down the identity. Caregivers are not registered - growers and dispensaries are but caregivers are not and can be nearly anyone, they just have to grow cannabis.
The OP here may as well call the DEA hotline and leave his name. We are not a business, state registered dispensary, or state registered grower.
What makes you think this is a single person, or at that that Modern Culture would not know about handwriting forensics prior to doing an AMA?
It takes much more than a paragraph, current analytical techniques use several thousands of words to build a rudimentary analysis.
My suggestion: say nothing, do nothing, don't infer anything, etc.
How do you not get caught in the Deep Web if the Govt. own a portion of Tor. Source - Times Mag. Because the Govt. does not own a portion of TOR and TOR has yet to be shown as insecure.
The tor project gets government funding. In and of itself that should tell you something. That should tell you that TOR was developed by the US Navy and nothing more. Government funding =/= owning portions of TOR. Most likely a private company owns the majority of TOR exit nodes. I2P is recently reguarded a safer because of the misconception that any of the pasts busts have been at fault of TOR, which is false. All vasts were social busts, where admins made mistakes in withholding their identity. I2P has just as many theoretical flaws as TOR does (actually quite a few more) but neither TOR nor I2P have ever shown to be insecure. I2P is no safer than TOR if you don't practice personal security. Both are secure and (currently) unbreakable as of this time.
I believe the future of darknet markets is in .I2p. It is much more secure than tor. This isn't my opinion. I am too uneducated to have one. This comes from those much more well versed in programming and net sec issues.
Cops. Not a concern to us.
Would it be like He logs into Tor then from there logs into I2P OR would it be like Him saying that he would use I2P before he would use Tor. I'm so confused sorry. Log into your VPN, then log onto OTR or I2P. In exteme situations you can tell I2P or TOR to use a certain port to forward it though it's counterpart (TOR through I2p or I2P through Tor)
I'm too stup-itt use TOR. Can I get some pot anyway? We have a .com site that explains everything and provides links on how to download and use TOR and I2P.
Last updated: 2013-11-15 19:05 UTC
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